Fine Art

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids II
Ordo: Myrtales

Familia: Myrtaceae
Subfamilia: Myrtoideae
Tribus: Eucalypteae
Genus: Eucalyptus
Species: Eucalyptus macarthurii

Eucalyptus macarthurii H.Deane & Maiden

Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 24:448. 1899
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Eucalyptus macarthurii in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 09-Oct-10.

Eucalyptus macarthurii, commonly known as the Camden woollybutt or Paddy's river box,[2] is a species of medium-sized tree that is endemic to a small area of New South Wales. It has rough, fibrous bark on the trunk and larger branches, smooth above, narrow lance-shaped to curved adult leaves, flower buds in groups of seven, white flowers and small conical to bell-shaped fruit.


Eucalyptus macarthurii is a tree that typically grows to a height of 40 m (130 ft) and forms a lignotuber. It has rough, greyish brown, fissured, fibrous bark on the trunk and branches, smooth grey bark that is shed in short ribbons on the thinner branches. Young plants and coppice regrowth have sessile, broadly lance-shaped to egg-shaped leaves arranged in opposite pairs, 35–70 mm (1.4–2.8 in) long and 25–45 mm (0.98–1.77 in) wide. Adult leaves are arranged alternately, the same shade of glossy green on both sides, narrow lance-shaped to curved, 90–180 mm (3.5–7.1 in) long and 10–25 mm (0.39–0.98 in) wide, tapering to a petiole 10–20 mm (0.39–0.79 in) long. The flower buds are arranged in groups of seven in leaf axils on an unbranched peduncle 4–10 mm (0.16–0.39 in) long, the individual buds sessile or on pedicels up to 2 mm (0.079 in) long. Mature fruit are oval, 2.5–5 mm (0.098–0.197 in) long and 2–3.5 mm (0.079–0.138 in) wide with a conical to beaked operculum 2–3 mm (0.079–0.118 in) long. Flowering has been recorded in January and May and the fruit is a woody, conical to bell-shaped capsule 2–5 mm (0.079–0.197 in) long and 4–6 mm (0.16–0.24 in) wide with the valves at rim level or slightly protruding.[2][3][4][5]
Taxonomy and naming

Eucalyptus macarthurii was first formally described in 1899 by Henry Deane and Joseph Maiden in Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales.[6] The specific epithet (macarthurii) honours "Sir William Macarthur, who appears to have been the first to recognise this particular Woolly-butt as a distinct tree".[7]
Distribution and habitat

Camden woollybutt grows in open forest on flats and near watercourses on the Central and Southern Tablelands between the Blue Mountains and Goulburn.
Conservation status

This eucalypt is classified as "endangered" under the Australian Government Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 and the New South Wales Government Biodiversity Conservation Act 2016. The main threats to the species are habitat loss due to land clearing, weed invasion and grazing.[8][9]

In the past, this species was commercially harvested for geranyl acetate, which was extracted from the bark using distillation.[10]

"Eucalyptus macarthurii". Australian Plant Census. Retrieved 19 September 2019.
Hill, Ken. "Eucalyptus macarthurii". Royal Botanic Garden, Sydney. Retrieved 19 September 2019.
"Eucalyptus macarthurii". Euclid: centre for Australian National Biodiversity Research. Retrieved 19 September 2019.
Chippendale, George M. "Eucalyptus macarthurii". Australian Biological Resources Study, Department of the Environment and Energy, Canberra. Retrieved 19 September 2019.
Carolin, Roger; Tindale, Mary (1994). Flora of the Sydney region (4th ed.). Chatswood, N.S.W.: Reed. p. 392. ISBN 0730104001.
"Eucalyptus macarthurii". APNI. Retrieved 19 September 2019.
Deane, Henry; Maiden, Joseph (1899). "Observation on the eucalypts of New South Wales". Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales. 24 (3): 448_451. Retrieved 19 September 2019.
"Paddys River Box, Camden Woollybutt - profile". New South Wales Government Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 19 September 2019.
"Conservation Advice Eucalyptus macarthurii Camden woollybutt" (PDF). Australian Government Department of the Environment. Retrieved 19 September 2019.
Boland, Douglas J.; Joseph J. Brophy; Alan P. N. House (1991). Eucalyptus Leaf Oils: Use, Chemistry, Distillation, and Marketing. Inkata Press. ISBN 0-909605-69-6.

Plants, Fine Art Prints

Plants Images

Biology Encyclopedia

Retrieved from ""
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

Home - Hellenica World