Fine Art

Eucalyptus pachyphylla flowers

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids II
Ordo: Myrtales

Familia: Myrtaceae
Subfamilia: Myrtoideae
Tribus: Eucalypteae
Genus: Eucalyptus
Subgenus: E. subg. Symphyomyrtus
Sectio: E. sect. Bisectae
Series: E. ser. Curviptera
Subseries: E. subser. Glomerosae
Species: Eucalyptus pachyphylla

Eucalyptus pachyphylla F.Muell., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 3: 98. 1858.


Eucalyptus pyriformis var. minor Maiden, Crit. Revis. Eucalyptus 2: 235. 1913.


Mueller, F.J.H. v. 1858. Journal of the Proceedings of the Linnean Society 3: 98.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Eucalyptus pachyphylla in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 09-Oct-10.

Vernacular names

Eucalyptus pachyphylla, commonly known as thick-leaved mallee[2] or the red-budded mallee,[3] is a species of mallee that is native to inland Australia. It has smooth bark, egg-shaped to lance-shaped adult leaves, flower buds in groups of three with five prominent ribs on each bud, and broad, shallow, conical to hemispherical fruit.


Eucalyptus pachyphylla is a mallee that typically grows to a height of 1.5–5 m (4 ft 11 in – 16 ft 5 in), sometimes as high as 7 m (23 ft), and forms a lignotuber. It has a smooth textured white, grey, grey brown, grey-pink or brown bark that is sheds in loose ribbons at the base. Young plants and coppice regrowth have coarse, dull greyish green, egg-shaped to lance-shaped leaves that are up to 160 mm (6.3 in) long and 50 mm (2.0 in) wide. Adult leaves are the same shade of green on both sides, thick, egg-shaped to lance-shaped, 60–115 mm (2.4–4.5 in) long and 20–45 mm (0.79–1.77 in) wide, on a petiole 12–35 mm (0.47–1.38 in) long.[2][4][5][6]

The flower buds are arranged in leaf axils in groups of three on an unbranched peduncle 4–20 mm (0.16–0.79 in) long, the individual buds on pedicels 3–10 mm (0.12–0.39 in) long. Mature buds are oval, 18–32 mm (0.71–1.26 in) long and 13–25 mm (0.51–0.98 in) wide, with five prominent, thin ribs along the sides and a beaked operculum 13–25 mm (0.51–0.98 in) long. The buds are pinkish near flowering time. Flowering occurs between April and July and the flowers are creamy yellow. The fruit is a woody, broad, shallow conical to hemispherical capsule 6–15 mm (0.24–0.59 in) long and 16–35 mm (0.63–1.38 in) wide including the ribs, and the valves protrude above the rim of the fruit.[2][4][5][6]

Eucalyptus pachyphylla was first formally described in 1859 by Ferdinand von Mueller in the Journal of the Proceedings of the Linnean Society, Botany.[7][8] The specific epithet (pachyphylla) is from ancient Greek meaning "thick-leaved".[9] The name of his species is often misapplied to Eucalyptus alatissima.[10]
Distribution and habitat

Thick-leaved mallee is often found on sand dunes and sand plains as well as rocky slopes and grows in red sandy soils. In Western Australia it is found throughout much of the Pilbara and Goldfields-Esperance regions.[2] It is also found in the Northern Territory, South Australia and Queensland.[3]
Use in horticulture

It is sold commercially and can be used as an ornamental plant, informal screen or windbreak and will attract birds. It is best grown in a position in full sun. It can tolerate drought and moderate frosts.[3]
See also

List of Eucalyptus species


"Eucalyptus pachyphylla". Australian Plant Census. Retrieved 25 November 2019.
"Eucalyptus pachyphylla". FloraBase. Western Australian Government Department of Biodiversity, Conservation and Attractions.
"Eucalyptus pachyphylla Red-budded Mallee". Plant Selector. Botanic Gardens of South Australia. Retrieved 15 October 2017.
"Red Bud Mallee Eucalyptus pachyphylla". AusEmade Pty Ltd. Retrieved 15 October 2017.
"Eucalyptus pachyphylla". Euclid: Centre for Australian National Biodiversity Research. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
Chippendale, George M. "Eucalyptus pachyphylla". Australian Biological Resources Study, Department of the Environment and Energy, Canberra. Retrieved 25 November 2019.
"Eucalyptus pachyphylla". APNI. Retrieved 25 November 2019.
von Mueller, Ferdinand (1859). "Monograph of the eucalypti of tropical Australia". Journal of the Proceedings of the Linnean Society, Botany. 3: 98–99. Retrieved 25 November 2019.
Francis Aubie Sharr (2019). Western Australian Plant Names and their Meanings. Kardinya, Western Australia: Four Gables Press. p. 269. ISBN 9780958034180.
"Eucalyptus pachyphylla". APNI. Retrieved 25 November 2019.

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