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Euonymus japonicus

Euonymus japonicus (*)

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Celastrales

Familia: Celastraceae
Genus: Euonymus
Subgenus: E. subg. Euonymus
Sectio: E. sect. Ilicifolia
Species: Euonymus japonicus
Varietas: E. j. var. macrophyllus

Euonymus japonicus Thunb. (1780)

Euonymus japonicus L.f., Suppl. Pl. 81. 154. 1781, nom. illeg. non Thunb. (1780).


Thunberg, C.P. 1780. Nova Acta Regiae Societatis Scientiarum Upsaliensis. Uppsala 3: 198, 208; 1784. Fl. Jap. 100.
The International Plant Names Index E. japonicus.
Wallich, N. in Roxburgh, W. Fl. Ind. ed. Carey 2: 405.
Global Biodiversity Information Facility. 2019. GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset. Taxon: Euonymus japonicus. .
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Euonymus japonicus in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 09-Oct-10.

Vernacular names

Ελληνικά, Κυπριακά: Ευώνυμο το Ιαπωνικό

English: Japanese Spindle
español: Huso Japonés, Bonetero
suomi: Laakerisorvarinpensas, sorvarinlaakeri
日本語: マサキ

Euonymus japonicus (evergreen spindle[1] or Japanese spindle) is a species of flowering plant in the family Celastraceae, native to Japan, Korea and China.[2][3] It is an evergreen shrub or small tree growing to 2–8 m (6 ft 7 in – 26 ft 3 in) tall, with opposite, oval leaves 3–7 cm long with finely serrated margins. The flowers are inconspicuous, greenish-white, 5 mm diameter. In autumn, orange fruit hangs below the flaring pink seed coverings.
Horticultural cultivars

Euonymus japonicus is a popular ornamental plant for parks and gardens, both in its native area and also in Europe and North America. In particular the numerous cultivars which have been selected (often with variegated or yellow leaves) are widely grown in all soil types in sun or shade. Some of the more distinctive cultivars are:

'Albomarginatus' - leaves green, narrowly margined white
'Aureo-marginatus' - also called "Golden Euonymus", variegated green and butter yellow leaves[4]
'Bravo' - green and creamy-yellow variegated leaves, upright habit
'Green Spire' - evergreen columnar narrow shrub
'Kathy' - green and white variegated, broad leaves, shorter growing than most
'Latifolius Albomarginatus' - green leaves with broad white margin
'Ovatus Aureus'agm[6]
'President Gauthier' - dark green and creamy-white variegated leaves, slightly more lax habit than others
'Pulchellus Susan'agm - dark green leaves, narrowly marginated creamy-white

(those marked agm have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit)[7]

BSBI List 2007 (xls). Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-06-26. Retrieved 2014-10-17.
Phillips, R. and Rix, M., "Shrubs", Macmillan, 1989, p271
Thunberg, Carl Peter (1784). Flora Japonica sistens plantas insularum japonicarum. Leipzig. pp. XLIII and 100.
Spengler, Teo. "Golden Euonymus Care: Growing Golden Euonymus Shrubs In The Garden". Gardening Know How. Retrieved January 2, 2021.
"RHS Plant Selector - Euonymus japonicus 'Chollipo'". Retrieved 1 December 2020.
"RHS Plant Selector - Euonymus japonicus 'Ovatus Aureus'". Retrieved 1 December 2020.
"AGM Plants - Ornamental" (PDF). Royal Horticultural Society. July 2017. p. 40. Retrieved 1 December 2020.

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