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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Gentianales

Familia: Apocynaceae
Subfamilia: Apocynoideae
Tribus: Mesechiteae
Genus: Forsteronia
Species: F. acouci – F. adenobasis – F. affinis – F. amazonica – F. amblybasis – F. apurensis – F. australis – F. brevifolia – F. chiriquensis – F. cordata – F. diospyrifolia – F. domatiella – F. duckei – F. elachista – F. glabrescens – F. gracilis – F. graciloides – F. guyanensis – F. laurifolia – F. leptocarpa – F. linearis – F. lucida – F. manausana – F. mollis – F. montana – F. myriantha – F. obtusiloba – F. paludosa – F. paraensis – F. pilosa – F. pubescens – F. pycnothyrsus – F. refracta – F. rufa – F. schomburgkii – F. simulans – F. spicata – F. subcordata – F. tarapotensis – F. thyrsoidea – F. umbellata – F. velloziana – F. wilsonii

Nothospecies: F. × correntina

Forsteronia G.Mey., Prim. Fl. Esseq. 133. (1818), nom. cons.

Type species: Forsteronia spicata (Jacq.) G.Mey., Cass.

Cassini, Bull. Sci. Soc. Philom. Paris, 1820:7 (1820) designated Forsteronia corymbosa (Jacq.) G.Mey., Prim. Fl. Esseq.: 134. (1818) (i.e. Pinochia corymbosa (Jacq.) M.E.Endress & B.F.Hansen, Edinburgh J. Bot. 64: 271 (2007)), but conservation proposal was accepted.

Anabata Willd. ex Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg., ed. 15 bis 4: 60. (1819)
Syringosma Mart. ex Rchb., Consp. Regn. Veg.: 134. (1828)
Thyrsanthus Benth., J. Bot. (Hooker) 3: 245. (1841)
Aptotheca Miers, Apocyn. S. Amer. 150. (1878)


Meyer, G.F.W. 1818. Primitiae Florae Essequeboensis adjectis descriptionibus centum circiter stirpium novarum, observationibusque criticis 133.
Endress, M.E. & Hansen, B.F. 2007. Pinochia, a new genus of Apocynaceae, Apocynoideae from the Greater Antilles, Mexico and Central America. Edinburgh Journal of Botany 64(2): 269-274. DOI: 10.1017/S0960428607000959 PDF Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2018. Forsteronia in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2018 Sept. 21. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2018. Forsteronia. Published online. Accessed: Sept. 21 2018. 2018. Forsteronia. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 21 Sept. 2018.

Forsteronia is a genus of plants in the family Apocynaceae, first described as a genus in 1818. It is native to South America, Central America, Mexico, and the West Indies.[2]


Forsteronia acouci (Aubl.) A.DC. - S Mexico to Peru
Forsteronia adenobasis Müll.Arg. - SE Venezuela, Guianas
Forsteronia affinis Müll.Arg. - NW South America
Forsteronia amazonica Monach. - NW Brazil
Forsteronia amblybasis S.F.Blake - Peru, Bolivia
Forsteronia apurensis Markgr. - Venezuela
Forsteronia australis Müll.Arg. - Brazil
Forsteronia brevifolia Markgr. - NW Brazil, NE Peru
Forsteronia chiriquensis Woodson - Panama, Colombia
Forsteronia cordata (Müll.Arg.) Woodson - SE Brazil
Forsteronia × correntina C.Ezcurra & Tressens - NE Argentina
Forsteronia diospyrifolia Müll.Arg. - SE Venezuela, Guyana
Forsteronia domatiella Proctor - Jamaica
Forsteronia duckei Markgr. - SE Colombia, Guyana, NW Brazil
Forsteronia elachista S.F.Blake - NE Colombia, NW Venezuela
Forsteronia glabrescens Müll.Arg. - S South America
Forsteronia gracilis (Benth.) Müll.Arg. - N South America
Forsteronia graciloides Woodson - Colombia, Peru
Forsteronia guyanensis Müll.Arg. - N South America
Forsteronia laurifolia (Benth.) A.DC. - Amazon Basin
Forsteronia leptocarpa (Hook. & Arn.) A.DC. - Brazil
Forsteronia linearis (Vell.) Müll.Arg. - SE Brazil
Forsteronia lucida Markgr. - Amazon Basin
Forsteronia manausana B.F.Hansen - Amazonas State in Brazil
Forsteronia mollis Rusby - Bolivia
Forsteronia montana Müll.Arg. - E Brazil
Forsteronia myriantha Donn.Sm. - S Mexico to Bolivia
Forsteronia obtusiloba Müll.Arg. - Venezuela, Suriname
Forsteronia paludosa Woodson - Pará, Mato Grosso
Forsteronia paraensis B.F.Hansen - Suriname, Pará
Forsteronia pilosa (Vell.) Müll.Arg. - E Brazil
Forsteronia pubescens A.DC. - SC South America
Forsteronia pycnothyrsus K. Schum. ex Woodson - Ecuador
Forsteronia refracta Müll.Arg. - Venezuela to NE Argentina
Forsteronia rotundiuscula Miers - Brazil
Forsteronia rufa Müll.Arg. - Brazil
Forsteronia schomburgkii A.DC. - Guyana
Forsteronia simulans Woodson - Colombia
Forsteronia spicata (Jacq.) G.Mey. - Mexico to Venezuela, Cuba
Forsteronia subcordata K.Schum. ex Woodson - Ecuador, Peru
Forsteronia tarapotensis K.Schum. ex Woodson - Amazon Basin
Forsteronia thyrsoidea (Vell.) Müll.Arg. - SC South America
Forsteronia umbellata (Aubl.) Woodson - NE South America
Forsteronia vellozoana (A.DC.) Woodson - Brazil
Forsteronia wilsonii (Griseb.) Woodson - Jamaica

Formerly included in Forsteronia but transferred to Pinochia in 2007:[3]

Forsteronia corymbosa (Jacq.) G.Mey. = Pinochia corymbosa (Jacq.) M.E.Endress & B.F.Hansen
Forsteronia floribunda (Sw.) A.DC. = Pinochia floribunda (Sw.) M.E.Endress & B.F.Hansen
Forsteronia monteverdensis J.F.Morales = Pinochia monteverdensis (J.F.Morales) M.E.Endress & B.F.Hansen
Forsteronia peninsularis Woodson = Pinochia peninsularis (Woodson) M.E.Endress & B.F.Hansen
Forsteronia portoricensis Woodson = Pinochia corymbosa subsp. portoricensis (Woodson) M.E.Endress & B.F.Hansen


Meyer, Georg Friedrich Wilhelm. 1818. Primitiae Florae Essequeboensis 133–134
"World Checklist of Selected Plant Families". Retrieved May 21, 2014.
Endress, M. E. & B. F. Hansen. 2007. Pinochia, a new genus of Apocynaceae, Apocynoideae from the Greater Antilles, Mexico and Central America. Edinburgh Journal of Botany 64(2): 269–274.

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