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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Garryales

Familia: Garryaceae
Genus: Garrya
Species: G. buxifolia – G. corvorum – G. elliptica – G. fadyenii – G. flavescens – G. fremontii – G. glaberrima – G. goldmanii – G. grisea – G. laurifolia – G. lindheimeri – G. longifolia – G. mexicana – G. ovata – G. salicifolia – G. veatchii – G. wrightii

Hybrids: G. × thuretii

Garrya Douglas ex Lindl. Edwards's Bot. Reg. 20: pl. 1686. (1834)
Type species: Garrya elliptica Douglas ex Lindl. Edwards's Bot. Reg. 20: pl. 1686. (1834)


Fadyenia Endl. Gen. Pl. 2: 30. (1842) nom. illeg.

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Southern America
Regional: Central
Arizona, California, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Guatemala, Haiti, Jamaica, Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Panama, Texas, Utah, Washington
Introduced into:
Leeward Is.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Primary references

Douglas, D. 1834. Edwards's Botanical Register 20: pl. 1686

Additional references

Govaerts, R. (2004). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-54382. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Garrya in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Jul 10. Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Garrya in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Jul 10. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2021. Garrya. Published online. Accessed: Jul 10 2021. 2021. Garrya. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Jul 10.
Hassler, M. 2021. Garrya. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2021. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Jul 10. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2021. World Plants. Synonymic Checklist and Distribution of the World Flora. . Garrya. Accessed: 10 Jul 2021.

Vernacular names
English: Silktassel, Tassel Bush

Garrya is a genus of flowering plants in the family Garryaceae native to Mexico, the western United States, Central America and the Greater Antilles.[1] Common names include silk tassel and tassel bush.[2][page needed]

They are evergreen dioecious wind-pollinated shrubs growing to 1–5 m (3–16 ft) tall. The leaves are arranged in opposite pairs, and are simple, leathery, dark green to gray-green, ovate, 3–15 cm (1–6 in) long, with an entire margin and a short petiole. The flowers are gray-green catkins, short and spreading when first produced in late summer; the male catkins becoming long (3–20 cm (1–8 in)) and pendulous in late winter when shedding pollen; the female catkins usually a little shorter and less pendulous. The fruit is a round dry berry containing two seeds.[3]


Garrya buxifolia – dwarf silktassel; western Oregon, northern California
Garrya congdonii – chaparral silktassel; California
Garrya corvorum – Guatemala
Garrya elliptica – coast silktassel, wavyleaf silktassel; western Oregon, western California
Garrya fadyenii – Fadyen's silktassel; Cuba, Jamaica, Hispaniola; naturalised in Leeward Islands
Garrya flavescens – ashy silktassel; California and Baja California, northeast to Utah and New Mexico
Garrya fremontii – bearbrush silktassel; southern Washington, Oregon, California, northwestern Nevada
Garrya glaberrima – Coahuila, Tamaulipas, Nuevo León
Garrya grisea – Baja California
Garrya laurifolia – laurelleaf silktassel; widespread from Chihuahua and Tamaulipas south to Panama
Garrya longifolia – Durango, Jalisco, Guerrero, Michoacán, Oaxaca, Morelos, Mexico State, Distrito Federal de México
Garrya ovata – eggleaf silktassel; New Mexico, Texas, Chihuahua, Oaxaca
Garrya salicifolia – willowleaf silktassel; Baja California, Baja California Sur
Garrya veatchii – canyon silktassel; California, Baja California
Garrya wrightii – Wright's silktassel; Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, Chihuahua, Sonora, Durango, Coahuila

Cultivation and uses

Some species, notably Garrya elliptica, are widely cultivated in gardens for their foliage and the catkins produced in late winter. They are frequently grown against a wall, or as a windbreak in coastal areas.[4] Male plants are more widely grown, as their catkins are longer and more attractive; one such cultivar, G. elliptica 'James Roof', has catkins up to 35 cm (14 in) long. The hybrids G. × issaquahensis (G. elliptica × G. fremontii) and G. × thuretii (G. elliptica × G. fadyenii) have been bred for garden planting.


Govaerts, R. "Garrya Douglas ex Lindl". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Royal Botanic Gardens.
Gledhill, David (1996) [1989]. The Names of Plants (2nd ed.). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521366755.
Dahling, Gerald V. (1978). "Systematics and evolution of Garrya". Contributions from the Gray Herbarium of Harvard University. Harvard University Herbaria (209): 1, 3–104. JSTOR 41764821.
Brickell, Christopher; Royal Horticultural Society (2008). RHS A–Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. 2 (3rd ed.). United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. p. 1128. ISBN 978-1405332965.

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