Fine Art

Geranium maderense

Geranium maderense , Photo: Michael Lahanas

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids II
Ordo: Geraniales

Familia: Geraniaceae
Genus: Geranium
Subgenus: G. subg. Robertium
Sectio: G. sect. Anemonifolia
Species: Geranium maderense

Geranium maderense Yeo, Bol. Mus. Munic. Funchal 23: 26 (1969).
Native distribution areas:

Continental: Africa
Regional: Macaronesia
Introduced into:
Great Britain, New Zealand North, New Zealand South

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Primary references

Yeo, P.F., 1969. Bol. Mus. Munic. Funchal 23: 26

Additional references

Govaerts, R.H.A. 2003. World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [unavailable for the public] Reference page.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Geranium maderense in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Aug 07. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2021. Geranium maderense. Published online. Accessed: Aug 07 2021. 2021. Geranium maderense. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Aug 07.
Hassler, M. 2021. Geranium maderense. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2021. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Aug 07. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2021. World Plants. Synonymic Checklist and Distribution of the World Flora. . Geranium maderense. Accessed: 07 Aug 2021.

Vernacular names

Geranium maderense

Geranium maderense

Geranium maderense, known as giant herb-Robert[2] or the Madeira cranesbill, is a species of flowering plant in the family Geraniaceae, native to the island of Madeira. It is sometimes confused with another Madeira endemic, Geranium palmatum.[3]

Growing to 120–150 cm (47–59 in) tall and wide, it is a mound-forming evergreen perennial with deeply divided ferny leaves. Spectacular pink flowers on hairy red stems are produced in large panicles in summer.[4] It is grown as an ornamental plant in temperate regions, where it is hardy in mild or coastal areas down to −5 °C (23 °F). It has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[5][6]

Fernandes, F. (2011). "Geranium maderense". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2011: e.T162102A5537899. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2011-1.RLTS.T162102A5537899.en. Retrieved 19 November 2021.
BSBI List 2007 (xls). Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-06-26. Retrieved 2014-10-17.
"Geranium palmatum versus Geranium maderense". The Frustrated Gardener. 6 June 2012. Retrieved 13 July 2020.
RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 978-1405332965.
"Geranium maderense AGM". RHS Plant Finder. Royal Horticultural Society. Retrieved 14 July 2020.
"AGM Plants - Ornamental" (PDF). Royal Horticultural Society. July 2017. p. 43. Retrieved 2 March 2018.

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