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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Campanulids
Ordo: Asterales

Familia: Goodeniaceae
Subfamilia: Brunonioideae – Dampieroideae – Goodenioideae
Genera: Anthotium – Brunonia – Coopernookia – Dampiera – Goodenia – Leschenaultia – Scaevola


Goodeniaceae R.Br. Prodr.¡¡: 573. 27 (1810) nom. cons.

Type genus: Goodenia Sm. Spec. Bot. New Holland 1: 15, t. 5. (1793)


Brunoniaceae Dumort.
Scaevolaceae Lindl.

Primary references

Brown, R. 1810. Prodromus Florae Novae Hollandiae et Insulae Van Diemen. pp. i–viii + 145–590, Londini: R.Taylor. BHL Reference page. : 573.

Additional references

Jabaily, R.S., Shepherd, K.A., Gustafsson, M.H.G., Sage, L.W., Krauss, S.L., Howarth, D.G. & Motley, T.J. 2012. Systematics of the Austral-Pacific family Goodeniaceae: Establishing a taxonomic and evolutionary framework. Taxon, 61 (2): 419–436(18). Full text from ResearchGate
Jabaily, R.S., Shepherd, K.A., Gardner, A.G., Gustafsson, M.G., Howarth, D.G. & Motley, T.G. 2014. Historical biogeography of the predominantly Australian plant family Goodeniaceae. Journal of Biogeography 41(11): 2057–2067. DOI: 10.1111/jbi.12363 Reference page. 
Shepherd, K.A., Lepschi, B.J., Johnson, E.A., Gardner, A.G., Sessa, E.B. & Jabaily, R.S. 2020. The concluding chapter: recircumscription of Goodenia (Goodeniaceae) to include four allied genera with an updated infrageneric classification. PhytoKeys 152: 27. DOI: 10.3897/phytokeys.152.49604 Open access Reference page. 
Stevens, P.F. (2001 onwards). Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 12, July 2012. [1]


Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Goodeniaceae in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2021 Sep 12. Reference page. 
International Plant Names Index. 2021. Goodeniaceae. Published online. Accessed: Sep 12 2021.
Tropicos.org 2021. Goodeniaceae. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 12 Sep 2021.
Hassler, M. 2021. World Plants. Synonymic Checklist and Distribution of the World Flora. . Goodeniaceae. Accessed: 12 Sep 2021.

Vernacular names
العربية: مخالب الباز
català: Goodeniàcies
čeština: Vějířovkovité
English: Goodenia family
فارسی: پنجه‌بازان
suomi: Siniviuhkakasvit
日本語: クサトベラ科
한국어: 구데니아과
മലയാളം: ഗുഡെനിയസീ
پښتو: گوډېنيا ډوله بوټي
русский: Гудениевые
ไทย: วงศ์รักทะเล
українська: Гуденієві
Tiếng Việt: Họ Hếp
中文: 草海桐科

Goodeniaceae is a family of flowering plants in the order Asterales. It contains about 404 species[3] in twelve genera. The family is distributed mostly in Australia, except for the genus Scaevola, which is pantropical. Its species are found across most of Australia, being especially common in arid and semi-arid climates.


Species in Goodeniaceae are generally herbaceous with spiral leaves. Flowers have a single plane of symmetry (monosymmetric; Brunonia being the sole exception), and are either fan-like (e.g., Scaevola) or bilabiate (as in Dampiera). Corolla lobes often have two thin marginal wings, which also occur in other families of Asterales such as the Menyanthaceae and Argophyllaceae. The style bears a pollen-cup, also known as an indusium, at the tip, a unique character for the family. The indusium has a function in secondary pollen presentation, a phenomenon also occurring in the related families Asteraceae and Campanulaceae. The ovary is inferior and the fruit is a drupe, a nut or a capsule. The seeds from capsular fruits usually have a mucilaginous wing.

Anthotium R.Br.
Brunonia Sm.
Coopernookia Carolin
Dampiera R.Br.
Diaspasis R.Br.
Goodenia Sm.

Lechenaultia R.Br. (syn. Leschenaultia DC.)
Pentaptilon E.Pritz.
Scaevola L.
Selliera Cav.
Velleia Sm.
Verreauxia Benth.[4]


Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 161 (2): 105–121. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x.
"Family: Goodeniaceae R. Br., nom. cons". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2003-01-17. Retrieved 2011-02-24.
Australian Department of the Environment and Heritage (1992). "Flora of Australia vol. 35". Australian Government Publishing Service (AGPS). Archived from the original on 2006-09-15. Retrieved 2006-09-17.
"GRIN Genera of Goodeniaceae". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Archived from the original on 2004-11-18. Retrieved 2011-02-24.

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