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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids II
Ordo: Malvales

Familia: Malvaceae
Subfamilia: Grewioideae
Tribus: Apeibeae – Grewieae

Genera: AncistrocarpusApeibaClappertoniaColonaCorchorusDesplatsiaDubosciaEleutherostylisEnteleaErinocarpusGlyphaeaGoethalsiaGrewiaHeliocarpusHydrogasterLueheaLueheopsisaMicrocosMolliaPseudocorchorusSparrmanniaTetralixTrichospermumTriumfettaVasivaea


Grewioideae Dippel, 1893.

Typus: Grewia L.


Grewiaceae Doweld & Reveal, Bot. Rev. (Lancaster) 71: 100. 2005.
Grewieae Endl., Gen. Pl.: 1006. 1840.
Grewiinae A.Dumont, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 10 (Litt.): 2. 1888.

Hermannieae DC., Prodr. 1: 490. 1824.
Hermanniinae A.Dumont, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 10 (Litt.): 2. 1888.
Hermanniineae J.Presl, Nowočeská Bibl. (Wšobecný Rostl.) 7: 152. 1846.
Hermannioideae Beilschm., Flora 16 (Beibl. 7): 86. 1833.


Dippel, L. 1893. Handbuch der Laubholzkunde. Beschreibung der in Deutschland heimischen und im Freien kultivierten Bäume und Sträucher. 3: 56. P.Parey, Berlin. Retrieved 2 June 2018.
Hoogland, R.D. & Reveal, J.L. 2005. Index nominum familiarum plantarum vascularium. Botanical Review 71(1–2): 1–291. DOI: 10.1663/0006-8101(2005)071[0001:INFPV]2.0.CO;2 (BioOne) DOI: 10.1007/BF02858493 (Springer) JSTOR Reference page.
Brunken, U. & Muellner, A.N. 2012. A new tribal classification of Grewioideae (Malvaceae) based on morphological and molecular phylogenetic evidence. Systematic Botany 37(3): 699-711. DOI: 10.1600/036364412X648670 Paywall JSTOR Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2020. Grewioideae. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2020. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: 2020 Dec. 9. Reference page.
Stevens, P.F. 2001 onwards. Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 14, July 2017 [and more or less continuously updated since]. Online. Reference page. 2020. Grewioideae. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 9 Dec. 2020.

Grewioideae is a subfamily of the family Malvaceae and was first described by Hochreutiner.[1] The group is named after its type genus, Grewia,[2] which is named for the English scientist Nehemiah Grew (1641-1712). It contains a number of genera that were previously placed in the defunct family Tiliaceae.


Within the Malvaceae, this subfamily has its inflorescences opposite the leaves, the corollas are usually clawed, and there is a nectar-bearing hair carpet at the base of the petals[1] and there are numerous dithecal stamens.[3] The fruit is fleshy or capsular with spines, and the seeds are winged.[1] The group is thought to have originated about 42 (± 15) million years ago.[1][4]

Ulrike Brunken & Alexandra Muellner divide the Grewioideae into two clades, the Grewia clade, Grewieae Endl. and the Apeiba clade, Apeibeae Benth., on the basis of morphological and molecular evidence.[3]
Tribes and genera

The subfamily includes the following genera - accepted by Bayer & Kubitzki (2003)[5]

Apeibeae Benth.
Ancistrocarpus Oliv.
Apeiba Aubl.
Clappertonia Meisn.
Corchorus L.
Entelea R.Br.
Erinocarpus Nimmo ex J.Graham
Glyphaea Hook.f.
Heliocarpus L.
Pseudocorchorus Capuron
Sparrmannia L.f.
Triumfetta Plum. ex L.
Grewieae Endl.
Colona Cav.
Desplatsia Bocq.
Duboscia Bocq.
Eleutherostylis Burret
Goethalsia Pittier
Grewia L.
Hydrogaster Kuhlm.
Luehea Willd.
Lueheopsis Burret
Microcos Burm. ex L.
Mollia Mart.
Tetralix Griseb.
Trichospermum Blume
Vasivaea Baill.


Stevens, P. F. (2001 onwards). Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 14, July 2017 [and more or less continuously updated since]."
"USDA: GRIN Taxonomy for Plants: Grewioideae". Archived from the original on 5 June 2011. Retrieved 2 June 2018.
Brunken, Ulrike; Muellner, Alexandra N. (2012). "A New Tribal Classification of Grewioideae (Malvaceae) Based on Morphological and Molecular Phylogenetic Evidence". Systematic Botany. 37 (3): 699–711. doi:10.1600/036364412X648670. ISSN 0363-6445.
Richardson, J.E.; Whitlock, B.A.; Meerow, A.W.; Madriñán, S. (2015). "The age of chocolate: a diversification history of Theobroma and Malvaceae". Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution. 3. doi:10.3389/fevo.2015.00120. ISSN 2296-701X.
Bayer, C. and K. Kubitzki. 2003. Malvaceae. Pp. 225–311 in The families and genera of vascular plants vol. 5, eds. K. Kubitzki and C. Bayer. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer Verlag.

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