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Guibourtia coleosperma 5Dsr 6799

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Detarioideae
Tribus: Detarieae
Genus: Guibourtia
Species: Guibourtia coleosperma

Guibourtia coleosperma (Benth.) J.Léonard, Bull. Jard. Bot. État Bruxelles 19: 403 (1949)

Type: Kirk s.n. (in fruit, [1860]; K fide Léonard, cf. K000417926 & K000417927, both without any type indication, but the former determined by Léonard in March 1949; other type: BR-BR0000008922106).
Type locality: East tropical Africa[Zambia]. Highlands of the Batoka country, where it forms a large tree, in some parts planted at least a hundred years ago.


Copaifera coleosperma Benth., Trans. Linn. Soc. London 25(2): 316 (1865)
Copaiba coleosperma (Benth.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 172 (1891)
Copaiva coleosperma (Benth.) Britton in N.L.Britton & P.Wilson, Sci. Surv. Porto Rico & Virgin Islands 6: 542 (1930)

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Africa
Regional: West-Central Tropical Africa
Regional: South Tropical Africa
Angola, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Regional: Southern Africa
Botswana, Caprivi Strip, Namibia

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Primary references

Bentham, G. 1865. Description of some New Genera and Species of Tropical Leguminosæ. Transactions of the Linnean Society of London 25(2): 297–320. BHL Reference page. 
Léonard, J. 1949. Notulae systematicae IV (Caesalpiniaceae-Amherstieae africanae americanaeque). Bulletin du Jardin botanique de l'État à Bruxelles 19: 383–408. DOI: 10.2307/3666831 Hybrid open access journal Reference page. 

Additional references

Kuntze, O. 1891. Revisio generum plantarum vascularium omnium atque cellularium multarum secundum leges nomenclaturae internationales cum enumeratione plantarum exoticarum in itinere mundi collectarum. Pars I. Pp. I–CLV, 1–374. Arthur Felix, Leipzig [etc.] BHL Reference page. 


Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Guibourtia coleosperma in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2021 November 21. Reference page. 
International Plant Names Index. 2021. Guibourtia coleosperma. Published online. Accessed: 21 November 2021.
IUCN: Guibourtia coleosperma (Benth.) J.Léonard (Least Concern) 2021. Guibourtia coleosperma. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 21 November 2021.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Guibourtia coleosperma in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 21 November 2021.

Vernacular names
English: False Mopane
nd: Umtshibi

Guibourtia coleosperma, the African rosewood (ambiguous), large false mopane, Rhodesian copalwood or machibi, is a species of Guibourtia in the family Fabaceae. It is a large evergreen tree (to 20 m tall) found in open woodland and dry forest, almost exclusively on Kalahari Sand in Angola, southern Democratic Republic of Congo, Namibia, Botswana, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.[1]

The condensed tannins proguibourtinidins can be found in G. coleosperma.[2] G. coleosperma timber has a noticeable smell of menthol.
See also

List of Southern African indigenous trees and woody lianes


Hyde, M.A.; Wursten, B.T.; Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2015). "Guibourtia coleosperma". Flora of Zimbabwe. Retrieved 2 March 2015.
Steynberg, Jan P.; Ferreira, Daneel; Roux, David G. (1987-01-01). "Synthesis of condensed tannins. Part 18. Stilbenes as potent nucleophiles in regio- and stereo-specific condensations: novel guibourtinidol-stilbenes from Guibourtia coleosperma". Journal of the Chemical Society, Perkin Transactions 1: 1705. doi:10.1039/P19870001705. ISSN 1364-5463.

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