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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Ordo: Caryophyllales

Familia: Amaranthaceae s.l.
Cladus: Chenopodiaceae s.str.
Subfamilia: Salicornioideae
Tribus: Salicornieae
Genus: Halopeplis

Species: H. amplexicaulis – H. perfoliata – H. pygmaea

Names in synonymy: H. gilliesii – H. nodulosa – H. patagonica – H. ritteriana – H. songarica – H. strobilacea


Halopeplis Bunge ex Ung.-Sternb., Vers. Syst. Salicorn. 102 (-105) (1866)

Lectotype (designated by Phillips, E.P. 1951. Gen. S. Afr. Fl. Pl. (ed. 2): 271): Halopeplis nodulosa (Delile) Bunge ex Ung.-Sternb. = Halopeplis amplexicaulis.


Halopeplis Bunge, Linnaea 28(5): 573. (1857), nom. inval. nom. nud.


Ungern-Sternberg, F. 1866. Versuch einer Systematik der Salicornieen. Inaug. Dissertation, Dorpat: Karow. (online) Reference page. : 102
Bunge, A. 1857. Recensio Salsolearum nonnullarum in primis a Car. Koch distinctarum Herbarii Regii Berolinensis. Linnaea 28: 572–576. BHL Reference page. : 573

Additional references

Kadereit, G., Mucina, L. & Freitag, H. 2006: Phylogeny of Salicornioideae (Chenopodiaceae): Diversification, Biogeography, and Evolutionary Trends in Leaf and Flower Morphology. Taxon 55(3): 617–642. DOI: 10.2307/25065639.Reference page.
Zhu, G., Mosyakin, S.L. & Clemants, S.E.:
'eFloras 2008. Halopeplis in Flora of China. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Hedge, I.C. 1997. Halopeplis. In:
Hedge, I.C., Akhani, H., Freitag, H., Kothe-Heinrich, G., Podlech, D., Rilke, S. & Uotila, P. 1997. Chenopodiaceae. In: Rechinger, K.H. (ed.): Flora Iranica Vol. 172. 371 pp., 212 tab., Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt Graz. Reference page. : 123–125.
Freitag, H., Hedge, I.C, Jafri, S.M.H, Kothe-Heinrich, G., Omer, S. & Uotila, P. 2001. Chenopodiaceae. In: Ali, S.I. (ed.): Flora of Pakistan 204. 217 pp., Department of Botany/Missouri Botanical Press, Karachi/St. Louis, ISBN 1-930723-10-5 eFloras. Reference page. : Halopeplis
Piirainen, M. 2009: Halopeplis. – In: Uotila, P. (ed.): Chenopodiaceae. Euro+Med Plantbase - the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity.


Hassler, M. 2018. Halopeplis. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2018. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Dec. 20. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2016. Halopeplis. Published online. Accessed: Jul. 07 2016.
The Plant List 2013. Halopeplis in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2016 Jul. 07. 2016. Halopeplis. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 07 Jul. 2016.

Halopeplis is a genus in the family Amaranthaceae. The plants are halophytes with not articulated stems and fleshy stem-clasping leaves. There are three species, occurring from the Mediterranean basin and North Africa to Southwest Asia and Central Asia.


The species of Halopeplis are succulent annual ore perennial herbs with glabrous, not jointed plant stems. The alternate or nearly opposite leaves are fleshy, glabrous, globular or ovate, sessile and stem-clasping, with distinct or reduced leaf blades.[1]

The cylindrical spike-like inflorescences are standing laterally or terminally in the upper parts of the plants. In spirally arranged cymes groups of three flowers are sitting in the axils of fleshy bracts. The mostly bisexual flowers are immersed in the inflorescence axis and more or less connate to each other, to the bract, and to the axis. The inconspicuously three-lobed perianth consists of three connate tepals. There are one ore two (rarely three) stamens shortly exserting the flower, and an ovary with two stigmas.[1]

The fruit remains enclosed in the inflorescence axis, the fruit wall (pericarp) is membranous.[1] The seed is ovoid to circular, compressed, with leathery, smooth or papillose seed coat.[2] The seed contains the half-annular,[2] uncinate or curved embryo and copious perisperm (feeding tissue).[1]
Distribution and habitat

The distribution area of Halopeplis covers the Mediterranean region, North Africa, Southwest Asia, Central Asia to China (Xinjiang).[1][2][3]

The plants are halophytes and grow on wet salty soils at sea shores, lagoons, or inland at the edge of salt lakes and in saline mudflats.[1]

The genus Halopeplis was first published in 1866 by Franz Ungern-Sternberg.[4] In 1857, Alexander Bunge had introduced the name Halopeplis, but without a valid description. The lectotype of the genus is Halopeplis nodulosa,[5] which is a synonym of Halopeplis amplexicaulis.[1]

The genus Halopeplis comprises three species:[2][6]

Halopeplis amplexicaulis (Vahl) Ung.-Sternb. ex Ces., Pass. & Gibelli: annual, occurring in inland salt flats and at salt lakes, distributed in the southern Mediterranean Basin and in North Africa.[3]
Halopeplis perfoliata (Forssk.) Bunge ex Asch. & Schweinf.: perennial, occurring at sea shores from the Red Sea, Sinai Peninsula, Arabian Peninsula, to southwestern Pakistan (Baluchistan).[1]
Halopeplis pygmaea (Pall.) Bunge ex Ung.-Sternb.: annual, occurring in inland salt flats and at salt lakes, distributed from the North Caucasus, Caspian Sea, southern Iraq, Iran, Central Asia to China (Xinjiang).[1]


Hedge, I.C.: Halopeplis. In: Rechinger, K.H. et al. (eds.): Flora Iranica, Vol. 172, Chenopodiaceae, Akad. Druck, Graz 1997, p. 123–125. ISBN 3-201-00728-5.
Zhu, G., Mosyakin, S.L., & Clemants, S.E.: Halopeplis. In: Zhengyi, W., Raven, P.H., & Hong, D. (eds.): Flora of China. Volume 5: Ulmaceae through Basellaceae. Science Press/Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Beijing/St. Louis 2003, ISBN 1-930723-27-X, p. 355.
Piirainen, M. 2009: Halopeplis amplexicaulis. In: P. Uotila, (ed.): Chenopodiaceae. In: Euro+Med Plantbase - the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity.
Ungern-Sternberg, F.: Versuch einer Systematik der Salicornieen, 1866, p. 102.
"Halopeplis". Tropicos. Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved 9 August 2016.

Kadereit, G., Mucina, L. & Freitag, H.: Phylogeny of Salicornioideae (Chenopodiaceae): diversification, biogeography, and evolutionary trends in leaf and flower morphology, In: Taxon, Volume 55 (3), 2006, p. 619.

External links

Media related to Halopeplis at Wikimedia Commons
Data related to Halopeplis at Wikispecies
Piirainen, M. 2009: Halopeplis. In: P. Uotila, (ed.): Chenopodiaceae. In: Euro+Med Plantbase - the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity.
Illustration of Halopeplis amplexicaulis at Flora Iberica

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