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The Cactaceae Vol II, plate XXI filtered

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Ordo: Caryophyllales

Familia: Cactaceae
Subfamilia: Cactoideae
Tribus: Cereeae
Subtribus: Trichocereinae
Genus: Harrisia
Subgenus: H. subg. Eriocereus
Sectio: H. sect. Eriocereus
Species: Harrisia tortuosa

Harrisia tortuosa (J.Forbes ex Otto & A.Dietr.) Britton & Rose (1920)
Neotype:: Argentina, Corrientes Prov., San L. del Palmar Dept., 18 km SE de San Luis del Palmar, 2 Nov 1979, Schinini 19451 (neotype: CTES; isoneotype: SI) (Kiesling 1996)


Cereus tortuosus J.Forbes, J. Hort. Tour Germany: 154. 1837 syn. sec. Franck 2016
Eriocereus tortuosus (J.Forbes) Riccob. in Boll. Reale Orto Bot. Palermo 8: 245. 1909 syn. sec. Franck 2016
Cereus tortuosus J.Forbes ex Otto & A.Dietr. in Allg. Gartenzeitung 6: 35. 1838, nom. inval., syn. sec. Franck 20161
Cereus arendtii Hildmann & Mathsson ex K.Schum. in Monatsschr. Kakteenk. 4: 173. 1894 syn. sec. Franck 2016
Eriocereus arendtii (Hildmann & Mathsson ex K.Schum.) F.Ritter, Kakteen Südamerika 1: 242. 1979 syn. sec. Franck 2016
Cereus atropurpureus Hocay, Cacteencult: 91. 1916 syn. sec. Franck 2016
Eriocereus pomanensis var. uruguayensis (Osten) Backeb., Cactaceae 4: 2095. 1960 syn. sec. Korotkova 2021
Harrisia tortuosa var. uruguayensis Osten in Anales Mus. Hist. Nat. Montevideo, ser. 2, 5(1): 66. 1941, nom. inval., syn. sec. Franck 2016
Harrisia tortuosa subsp. uruguayensis (Osten) Lodé in Cact.-Avent. Int. 97: 2. 2012 ["2013"], nom. inval., syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Southern America
Regional: Southern South America
Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Bolivia, Paraguay

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Primary references

Britton, N.L. & Rose, J.N. 1920. The Cactaceae. Descriptions and Illustrations of Plants of the Cactus Family. Vol. 2. 239 pp. + 39 pl. Carnegie Institution of Washington. BHL PDF Reference page. : 2: 154.

Additional references

Kiesling, R. 1996. "El genero Harrisia (Cactaceae) en La Argentina." Darwiniana 34: 389–398.
Korotkova, N., Aquino, D., Arias, S., Eggli, U., Franck, A. , Gómez-Hinostrosa, C., Guerrero, P.C., Hernández, H.M., Kohlbecker, A., Köhler, M., Luther, K., Majure, L.C., Müller, A., Metzing, D., Nyffeler, R., Sánchez, D., Schlumpberger, B. & Berendsohn, W.G. 2021. Cactaceae at Caryophyllales. org–a dynamic online species-level taxonomic backbone for the family. Willdenowia 51(2): 251–270. DOI: 10.3372/wi.51.51208 Open access Reference page.


Korotkova, N. et al. 2021. Harrisia tortuosa in Cactaceae at A global synthesis of species diversity in the angiosperm order Caryophyllales. Published online. Accessed: 2021 Nov 08. Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Harrisia tortuosa in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2021 May 06. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2021. Harrisia tortuosa. Published online. Accessed: May 06 2021. 2021. Harrisia tortuosa. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 06 May 2021.
Hassler, M. 2021. Harrisia tortuosa. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2021. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: 2021 May 06. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2021. World Plants. Synonymic Checklist and Distribution of the World Flora. . Harrisia tortuosa. Accessed: 06 May 2021.

Vernacular names

Harrisia tortuosa is a species of cactus in the Trichocereeae tribe.[1]

It is native to the tropical Americas.

Harrisia tortuosa is considered an exotic invasive in Australia.[1][2]

"Harrisia cactus" (PDF). Biosecurity Queensland. The State of Queensland, Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry. 2013. Retrieved 23 February 2017.
Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry: Biosecurity Queensland (1 January 2016). "Prohibited invasive plants: Harrisia cactus". Business Queensland. Queensland Government. Retrieved 20 February 2017.

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