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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Lamiales

Familia: Orobanchaceae
Tribus: Buchnereae
Genus: Harveya
Species: H. alba – H. andongensis – H. anisodonta – H. bodkinii – H. bolusii – H. capensis – H. cathcartensis – H. coccinea – H. comorensis – H. crispula – H. alectroides – H. euryantha – H. hirtiflora – H. huttoni – H. hyobanchoides – H. laxiflora – H. obtusifolia – H. pauciflora – H. pumila – H. purpurea – H. randii – H. scarlatina – H. speciosa – H. squamosa – H. stenosiphon – H. sulphurea – H. tubulosa – H. vesicularioides – H. vestita

Harveya Hook., Hooker's Icon. Pl. 2: t. 118 (1837).

Type species: Harveya capensis Hook., Hooker's Icon. Pl. 2: t. 118 (1837)
named for William Henry Harvey (1811–1866), Irish botanist and phycologist.


Aulaya Harv., Gen. S. Afr. Pl.: 249 (1838).
Parastriga Mildbr., J. Arnold Arbor. 11: 52 (1930).

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Africa
Regional: West-Central Tropical Africa
Burundi, Rwanda, Zaire.
Regional: Northeast Tropical Africa
Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan.
Regional: East Tropical Africa
Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda.
Regional: South Tropical Africa
Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
Regional: Southern Africa
Cape Provinces, Lesotho, KwaZulu-Natal, Free State, Swaziland, Northern Provinces.
Regional: Western Indian Ocean
Comoros, Madagascar.
Continental: Asia-Temperate
Regional: Middle Asia
Regional: Arabian Peninsula
Saudi Arabia, Yemen.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Additional references

Fischer, E., Schäferhoff, B. & Müller, K.F. 2012. The new monotypic genus Bardotia (Orobanchaceae) from Madagascar and remarks on the phylogenetic relationships of the African and Madagascan genera Parastriga, Radamaea, Rhamphicarpa and Sieversandreas. Phytotaxa 46: 19–33. DOI: 10.11646/phytotaxa.46.1.4 Paywall Reference page.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Harveya in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Sep 7. Reference page. 2021. Harveya. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Sep 7.
International Plant Names Index. 2021. Harveya. Published online. Accessed: 7 Sep 2021.
Hassler, M. 2021. World Plants. Synonymic Checklist and Distribution of the World Flora. . Harveya. Accessed: 7 Sep 2021.
Hassler, M. 2021. Harveya. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2021. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Sep 7. Reference page.

Harveya is a genus of parasitic plants in the family Orobanchaceae. The approximately 40 species included are native to Africa and the Mascarene Islands. In South Africa they are commonly known as 'inkblom', because early settlers used the flowers to make ink, and this is the source of the English common-names for the genus of ink flower or ink plant.[1][2]

It was named after William Henry Harvey, thus achieving one of his childhood ambitions. Discussing his vocational prospects as a youth, Harvey wrote that he was "neither fit to be a doctor nor a lawyer, lacking courage for the one, and face for the other, and application for both.... All I have a taste for is natural history, and that might possibly lead in days to come to a genus called Harveya, and the letters F.L.S. after my name, and with that I shall be content."[3]

Harveya capensis (South Africa)[4]
Harveya comorensis (Comoros)[5]
Harveya huttonii (South Africa)[6]
Harveya obtusifolia (Madagascar and Yemen)[7][8]
Harveya pauciflora (South Africa)[9]
Harveya pulchra (South Africa)[10]
Harveya pumila (South Africa)[11]
Harveya purpurea (South Africa)[12]
Harveya scarlatina (South Africa)[13]
Harveya speciosa (South Africa)[14]
Harveya squamosa (South Africa)[15]
Harveya stenosiphon (South Africa)[16]


Sterkfontein Country Estates - Harveya pumila
Operation Wildflower - Harveya purpurea
Praeger, Robert Lloyd (1913). "William Henry Harvey 1811—1866" . In Oliver, Francis Wall (ed.). Makers of British Botany . Cambridge University Press.
Nature on the Edge - Harveya capensis
Europeana Collections - Harveya comorensis
Orobranchaceae Travel Blog - Surprises Galore in the Eastern Cape
- Gasy sur le Net
Flora of Yemen
South Africa National Biodiversity Institute - Red List
The Parasitic Plant Connection - Nonphotosythetic Scrophs
Sterkfontein Country Estates - Harveya pumila
CasaBio - Species Harveya purpurea
Pondoland Crew Blog - Escaping from the crowded beaches
JSTOR Global Plants - Harveya speciosa
South Africa National Biodiversity Institute - Harvey squamosa
African Plants - A Photo Guide

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