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Familia: Pontederiaceae
Genus: Heteranthera
Species: H. callifolia – H. catharinensis – H. dubia – H. gardneri – H. limosa – H. longirachilla – H. lutea – H. mexicana – H. missouriensis – H. multiflora – H. oblongifolia – H. pauciflora – H. peduncularis – H. pumila – H. reniformis – H. rotundifolia – H. seubertiana – H. spicata – H. zosterifolia –

Heteranthera Ruiz & Pav., Fl. Peruv. Prodr. 9. (1794) nom. cons.

Type species: Heteranthera reniformis Ruiz & Pav., Fl. Peruv. 1: 43. (1798)


Schollera Schreb., Gen. Pl., ed. 8[a], 2: 785. (1791)
Heterandra P.Beauv., Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc. 4: 175. (1799)
Leptanthus Michx., Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 24. (1803)
Buchosia Vell., Fl. Flumin.: 33. (1829)
Lunania Raf., Med. Fl. 2: 106. (1830)
Triexastima Raf., Fl. Tellur. 4: 121. (1838)
Hydrothrix Hook.f., Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 1:. 889 (1887)
Hookerina Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 718 (1891), nom. illeg.
Phrynium Loefl. ex Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(2): 318. (1898)
Zosterella Small in J.K.Small & J.J.Carter, Fl. Lancaster Co.: 68. (1913)
Scholleropsis H.Perrier, Notul. Syst. (Paris) 5: 158. (1936)
Eurystemon Alexander in N.L.Britton & al. (eds.), N. Amer. Fl. 19: 55. (1937)


Ruiz López, H. & Pavon, J.A. 1794. Florae Peruvianae, et Chilensis Prodromus 9.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Heteranthera in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 July 14. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2021. Heteranthera. Published online. Accessed: July 14 2021.
Lowden, R. M. 1973. A revision of the genus Pontederia (including Reussia). Rhodora 75: 426–487.
Pellegrini, M.O. 2016. Two new synonyms in Heteranthera (Pontederiaceae, Commelinales). Nordic Journal of Botany 35(1): 124-128. DOI: 10.1111/njb.01152 Paywall ResearchGate Reference page.
Pellegrini, M.O., Horn, C.N. & Almeida, R.F. 2018. Total evidence phylogeny of Pontederiaceae (Commelinales) sheds light on the necessity of its recircumscription and synopsis of Pontederia L. PhytoKeys 108: 25-83. DOI: 10.3897/phytokeys.108.27652 Open access Reference page. 2021. Heteranthera. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 JUly 14.

Vernacular names
English: Mud Plantains
svenska: Bändelörtssläktet

Heteranthera is a genus of aquatic plants in the water hyacinth family, Pontederiaceae, known generally as mud plantains. Species of this genus are native to tropical and subtropical America and Africa. They live in the water or in wet soils. They produce leaves on long petioles and some are cultivated for their attractive flowers. Leaves are of two types - linear and submerged or orbicular and floating. Some species have cleistogamic flowers.
Selected species

Heteranthera callifolia (syn. H. callaefolia)
Heteranthera dubia (Jacq.) MacMill. – Grassleaf mud plantain, water stargrass
Heteranthera limosa (Sw.) Willd. – Blue mud plantain, ducksalad
Heteranthera mexicana S.Watson – Mexican mud plantain
Heteranthera multiflora (Griseb.) Horn – Bouquet mud plantain
Heteranthera peduncularis Benth. – Egret mud plantain
Heteranthera reniformis Ruiz & Pav. – Kidneyleaf mud plantain
Heteranthera rotundifolia (Kunth) Griseb. – Roundleaf mud plantain
Heteranthera zosterifolia – Stargrass[2][3]


"Heteranthera Ruiz & Pav". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2007-10-05. Retrieved 2010-07-09.
"Species Records of Heteranthera". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2010-07-09.
"Heteranthera". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 9 July 2010.

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