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Hibiscus schizopetalus (Botanischer Garten TU Darmstadt)

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids II
Ordo: Malvales

Familia: Malvaceae
Subfamilia: Malvoideae
Tribus: Hibisceae
Genus: Hibiscus
Sectio: H. sect. Lilibiscus
Species: Hibiscus schizopetalus

Hibiscus schizopetalus (Dyer) Hook.f., 1880.

Typus: KENYA: Wanika hills, behind Mombasa, s.d., Kirk s.n. (lectotype: K). Lectotypified by Cheek, Taxon 38: 263. 1989.


Hibiscus rosa-sinensis var. schizopetalus Dyer, Gard. Chron., ser. 2. 11: 568. 1879; Masters, Gard. Chron., ser. 2. 12: 272, t. 45. 1879.


Hibiscus × archeri W.Wats.


Hooker, J.D. 1880. Botanical Magazine; or, Flower-Garden Displayed ... London 106: t. 6524.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Hibiscus schizopetalus in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 07-Oct-06.

Vernacular names
English: Fringed Rosemallow
suomi: Sulkahibiskus
svenska: Fjäderhibiscus

Hibiscus schizopetalus is a species of Hibiscus native to tropical eastern Africa in Kenya, Tanzania and Mozambique. Its common names include fringed rosemallow,[1] Japanese lantern, coral hibiscus, and spider hibiscus.


Hibiscus schizopetalus is a shrub growing to 3 metres (9.8 ft) tall.

The red or pink flowers are very distinctive in their frilly, finely divided petals.[2][3] Flowers with finely dissected petal have a range of colours, the most common being the red form (Keena et al., 2002; Ng, 2006). Leaves resemble those of H. rosa-sinensis.

The major anthocyanin found in flowers of H. schizopetalus is cyanidin-3-sambusophoroside (Lowry, 1976). From leaves, two new triterpene esters have been isolated (Jose & Vijayan, 2006).

Hibiscus schizopetalus is cultivated as an ornamental plant, for use in tropical and subtropical gardens. In temperate climates it does not tolerate temperatures below 10 °C (50 °F) (RHS hardiness rating H1B); but can be placed outside during the summer months, in a sheltered spot with full sun, in alkaline or neutral soil. It has received the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[4]


USDA, NRCS (n.d.). "Hibiscus schizopetalus". The PLANTS Database ( Greensboro, North Carolina: National Plant Data Team. Retrieved 14 May 2015.
"Hibiscus schizopetalus". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 14 January 2018.
Huxley, A., ed. (1992). New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. Macmillan ISBN 0-333-47494-5.
"Hibiscus schizopetalus". RHS. Retrieved 28 June 2021.

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