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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids II
Ordo: Malvales

Familia: Malvaceae
Subfamilia: Malvoideae
Tribus: Malveae
Genus: Hoheria
Sectio: H. sect. Apterocarpa – H. sect. Hoheria

Species: H. angustifolia – H. equitum – H. glabrata – H. lyallii – H. populnea – H. sexstylosa

Nothospecies: H. × sexangusta

Hoheria A.Cunn., Ann. Nat. Hist. 3: 319. (1839)

Typus: H. populnea


Farr, E. R. & Zijlstra, G. eds. (1996-) Index Nominum Genericorum (Plantarum). 2009 Dec 15 [1].
Heenan, P.B., Dawson, M.I., Redmond, D.N. & Wagstaff, S.J. 2005. Relationships of the New Zealand mountain ribbonwoods (Hoheria glabrata and H. lyallii: Malvaceae), based on molecular and morphological data New Zealand Journal of Botany, 43: 527–549.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Hoheria in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Jan, 3. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2021. Hoheria. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2021. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Jan. 3. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2021. Hoheria. Published online. Accessed: Jan. 3 2021. 2020. Hoheria. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Jan. 3.
Wagstaff, S.J., Molloy, B.P.J. & Tate, J.A. 2010. Evolutionary significance of long-distance dispersal and hybridisation in the New Zealand endemic genus Hoheria (Malvaceae). Australian Systematic Botany, 23: 112–130. DOI: 10.1071/SB09017

Vernacular names
English: Lacebarks, Ribbonwoods
Māori: Houhere

Hoheria is a genus of six species of flowering plants in the family Malvaceae. All are endemic to New Zealand. The genus name is a latinization of the Māori language name, houhere. That name, as well as lacebark and ribbonwood, are often used as common names. The name lacebark comes from the lace-like fibrous inner bark layer.[1]

Hoheria are mostly evergreen, with Hoheria glabrata (mountain ribbonwood) a deciduous species.[2] They are large shrubs or small trees growing 6–10 m (20–33 ft) tall, bearing large quantities of fragrant, 5-petalled white flowers in summer or autumn. The flowers are attractive to butterflies.[3] They are borne in axils on jointed peduncles and produce hard, dry seed capsules. The leaves are serrate to dentate and ovate to lanceolate in shape. Juvenile foliage may persist on young plants for several years, and may have a metallic cast.[3]

Some species are cultivated in New Zealand and Great Britain as ornamental plants. H. sexstylosa withstands temperatures down to −15 °C (5 °F), and H. glabrata has good frost tolerance. Numerous cultivars have been developed for use in gardens, of which the hybrid 'Glory of Amlwch' has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[4][5]

Hoheria angustifolia Raoul – narrow-leaved lacebark or narrow-leaved houhere
Hoheria equitum – Poor Knights houhere
Hoheria glabrata Sprague & Summerh – mountain lacebark or mountain ribbonwood
Hoheria lyallii Hook.f – mountain lacebark
Hoheria populnea A.Cunn – New Zealand mallow, lacebark or houhere
Hoheria sexstylosa Col – long-leaved lacebark or long-leaved ribbonwood


"Houhere – Lacebark". Landcare Research. Retrieved 7 March 2013.
"The Houheria page".
RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 978-1405332965.
"Hoheria 'Glory of Amwlch'". RHS. Retrieved 25 August 2020.

"AGM Plants - Ornamental" (PDF). Royal Horticultural Society. July 2017. p. 49. Retrieved 6 March 2018.


Flora of New Zealand: Hoheria
The Hoheria Page
Royal Society of New Zealand

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