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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Ordo: Caryophyllales

Familia: Caryophyllaceae
Tribus: Alsineae
Genus: Holosteum
Species: H. glutinosum – H. kobresietorum – H. marginatum – H. polygamum – H. umbellatum
Name

Holosteum Dill. ex L. Sp. Pl. 1: 88. (1753)

Type species: Holosteum umbellatum Dill. ex L. Sp. Pl. 1: 88. (1753)

References

Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum. Tomus I: 88. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2017. Holosteum. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2017. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: 2017 May 22. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2017. Holosteum. Published online. Accessed: May 22 2017.
Tropicos.org 2017. Holosteum. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 22 May 2017.

Vernacular names
العربية: جبرة
čeština: plevel
English: Jagged Chickweeds
hornjoserbsce: Plěwjel
қазақша: Қалампыршөп
lietuvių: Rieskė
polski: Mokrzycznik
русский: Костенец
slovenčina: burinka
svenska: Fågelarvar
中文: 硬骨草属

Holosteum is a genus of plants in the family Caryophyllaceae with 3 or 4 species native from southern Europe through central and south western Asia and in Africa. They are herbs with an annual life span, some growing as winter annuals. They have slender roots and thin stems that are upright or ascending. The genus name was given by Linnaeus, and named because of the sprawling nature of the plants: Greek holos, meaning whole or all, and osteon, meaning bone, because of the frailty of the plant.

Flowers are bisexual but sometimes also unisexual and pistillate. Flowers are hypogynous, have 5 sepals that are distinct and green in color and lanceolate to ovate in shape and 2.5-4.5 mm long. Typically with no stipules. The flowers have 5 petals that are white to soft pink in color and are clawed. Plants typically are found as small inconspicuous early spring blooming plants with short life spans.

Common names for the plants in this genus include jagged chickweeds.
Species

Holosteum klopotovii (Tzvelev) Tzvele
Holosteum kobresietorum Rech.f.
Holosteum marginatum C.A.Mey.
Holosteum umbellatum L.

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