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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordoo: Rosales

Familia: Rhamnaceae
Subfamilia: Ziziphoideae
Tribus: Paliureae
Genus: Hovenia
Species: H. acerba – H. dulcis – H. tomentella – H. trichocarpa

Hovenia Thunb., Nov. Gen. Pl. [Thunberg] 1: 7. (1781)

Type species: Hovenia dulcis Thunb., Nov. Gen. Pl. [Thunberg] 1: 8 (1781)


Thunberg, C.P. 1781. Nova genera plantarum, quorum partem primam 1: 7.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Hovenia in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Dec. 7. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2020. Hovenia. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2020. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Dec. 7. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2020. Hovenia. Published online. Accessed: Dec. 7 2020. 2020. Hovenia. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Dec. 7.

Hovenia is a small genus of deciduous trees or shrubs in the family Rhamnaceae. They occur naturally from India to Japan. The Japanese, or Oriental raisin tree, Hovenia dulcis, is the best known species, as it is often planted in gardens outside Asia.
Fossil record

A fossil wood with features similar to those of the Oligocene Hovenia palaeodulcis from Japan is described from the late Eocene Florissant Fossil Beds National Monument, Colorado, United States. This is the first report of fossil wood of this Asian genus in North America.[1]
Selected species
Hovenia dulcis, fruit

Hovenia acerba

syn Hovenia kiukiangensis

Hovenia dulcis Thunb.

syn Hovenia inaequalis DC.

Hovenia parviflora
Hovenia pubescens
Hovenia robusta
Hovenia tomentella
Hovenia trichocarpa


A New (Hovenia) and an old (Chadronoxylon) Fossil Wood from the Late Eocene Florissant Formation, Colorado, U.S.A. by Elisabeth Wheeler and Herbert W. Meyer, IAWA journal / International Association of Wood Anatomists (Impact Factor: 1.07). 01/2012; 33(3). DOI: 10.1163/22941932-90000096

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