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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Asparagaceae
Subfamilia: Scilloideae
Tribus: Hyacintheae
Subtribus: Hyacinthinae
Genus: Hyacinthoides
Species: H. aristidis – H. cedretorum – H. ciliolata – H. flahaultiana – H. hispanica - H. italica – H. lingulata – H. mauritanica – H. non-scripta – H. paivae – H. reverchonii

Nothospecies: H. × massartiana

Hyacinthoides Heist. ex Fabr., Enum.: 2. 1759.

Type species: Hyacinthoides hispanica (Mill.) Rothm., Feddes Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 53: 14. 1944.


Usteria Medik., Hist. & Commentat. Acad. Elect. Sci. Theod.-Palat. 6(Phys.): 480. 1790.
Hyacinthoides Medik., Ann. Bot. (Usteri) 2: 9. 1791, nom. illeg. hom.
Endymion Dumort., Fl. Belg.: 140. 1827.
Agraphis Link, Handbuch 1: 166. 1829.
Syncodium Raf., Fl. Tellur. 2: 22. 1837.
Somera Salisb., Gen. Pl.: 26. 1866.

Native distribution areas:

Northern Europe
Great Britain, Ireland.
Middle Europe
Belgium, Netherlands.
Southwestern Europe
France, Portugal, Spain.
Southeastern Europe
Northern Africa
Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Primary references

Fabricius, P.C. 1759. Enumeratio Methodica Plantarum horti medici Helmstadiensis : subjuncta stirpium rariorum vel nondum satis extricatarum descriptione. viii + 239 pp., Helmstadii [Helmstedt]: Litteris Ioannis Drimbornii. Universtitätsbibliothek Braunschweig Gallica Google Books Reference page.

Additional references

Grundmann, M., Rumsey, F.J., Ansell, S.W., Russell, S.J., Darwin, S.C., Vogel, J.C., Spencer, M.A., Squirrell, J., Hollingsworth, P.M., Ortiz, S. & Schneider, H. 2010. Phylogeny and taxonomy of the bluebell genus Hyacinthoides, Asparagaceae [Hyacinthaceae]. Taxon 59(1): 68–82. DOI: 10.2307/27757052 ResearchGate Reference page.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2014. Hyacinthoides in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2014 Mar. 3. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2016. Hyacinthoides. Published online. Accessed: Oct. 29 2016.

Vernacular names
English: Bluebell
suomi: Kellosinililjat
français: Jacinthe

Hyacinthoides is a genus of flowering plants in the family Asparagaceae, known as bluebells.


Hyacinthoides is classified in the subfamily Scilloideae (now part of the family Asparagaceae, but formerly treated as a separate family, called Hyacinthaceae), alongside genera such as Scilla and Ornithogalum.[2] Hyacinthoides is differentiated from these other genera by the presence of two bracts at the base of each flower, rather than one bract per flower or no bracts in the other genera.[3]

According to the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families as of July 2012, the genus contains 11 species and one interspecific hybrid.[4] The majority of species are distributed around the Mediterranean Basin, with only one species, Hyacinthoides non-scripta (the familiar spring flower of bluebell woods in the British Isles and elsewhere) occurring further north in north-western Europe.[1] Hyacinthoides species belong, according to analysis using molecular phylogenetics, to three groups.[1]

non-scripta–hispanica group

Hyacinthoides cedretorum (Pomel) Dobignard – Morocco to north Algeria
Hyacinthoides hispanica (Mill.) Rothm. (Spanish bluebell) – Portugal to west and south Spain
Hyacinthoides non-scripta (L.) Chouard ex Rothm. (common bluebell) – western Europe to northern Portugal
Hyacinthoides paivae S.Ortiz & Rodr.Oubiña – north-west Spain to north-west Portugal
Hyacinthoides × massartiana Geerinck – hybrid between H. hispanica and H. non-scripta, occurs in north-west Spain and elsewhere in Europe, including Great Britain

mauritanica group

Hyacinthoides flahaultiana (Emb.) Dobignard – south-west Morocco
Hyacinthoides mauritanica (Schousb.) Speta – south-west Portugal, north Morocco
Hyacinthoides reverchonii (Degen & Hervier) Speta – Spain (Sierra de Cazorla)

italica group

Hyacinthoides aristidis (Coss.) Rothm. – Algeria to Tunisia
Hyacinthoides ciliolata (Pomel) Rumsey – north-east Tunisia
Hyacinthoides italica (L.) Rothm. (Italian bluebell) – south-east France to north-west Italy
Hyacinthoides lingulata (Poir.) Rothm. – north-west Africa


Michael Grundmann; Fred J. Rumsey; Stephen W. Ansell; Stephen J. Russell; Sarah C. Darwin; Johannes C. Vogel; Mark Spencer; Jane Squirrell; Peter M. Hollingsworth; Santiago Ortiz; Harald Schneider (2010). "Phylogeny and taxonomy of the bluebell genus Hyacinthoides, Asparagaceae [Hyacinthaceae]". Taxon. 59 (1): 68–82. doi:10.1002/tax.591008.[dead link]
P. F. Stevens. "Angiosperm Phylogeny Website: Asparagales: Scilloideae". Retrieved 19 December 2017.
Clive A. Stace (2010). "Asparagaceae – asparagus family". New Flora of the British Isles (3rd ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 914–923. ISBN 978-0-521-70772-5.
"Search for "Hyacinthoides"". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. 2011. Retrieved July 5, 2011.

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