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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Gentianales

Familia: Rubiaceae
Subfamilia: Cinchonoideae
Tribus: Hymenodictyeae
Genus: Hymenodictyon
Species: H. antakaranensis – H. austro-africanum – H. berivotrense – H. biafranum – H. decaryi – H. embergeri – H. epiphyticum – H. flaccidum – H. floribundum – H. glabrum – H. horsfieldii – H. leandrii – H. louhavate – H. madagascaricum – H. obovatum – H. occidentale – H. orixense – H. pachyantha – H. parvifolium – H. perrieri – H. septentrionale – H. seyrigii – H. timoranum – H. tsingy

Hymenodictyon Wall., in W.Roxburgh, Fl. Ind. 2: 148. (1824), nom. cons.

Type species: Hymenodictyon orixense (Roxb.) Mabb., Taxon 31: 66. (1982) originally designated as Hymenodictyon excelsum (Roxb.) Wall. in W.Roxburgh, Fl. Ind. 2: 149. (1824)


Benteca Adans., Fam. Pl. 2: 166. (1763), nom. rej.
Kurria Hochst. & Steud., Flora 24(1): 28. (1841)


Wallich, N. 1824. Flora Indica; or descriptions of Indian Plants 2: 148.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2019. Hymenodictyon in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 Mar. 15. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Hymenodictyon. Published online. Accessed: Mar. 15 2019. 2019. Hymenodictyon. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 Mar. 15.

Hymenodictyon is a genus of flowering plants in the family Rubiaceae. It has about 30 species.[1] All are native to the Old World. The wood of Hymenodictyon orixense is soft and has limited use, mostly for boxes.[2] The type species for Hymenodictyon is Hymenodictyon orixense (synonym: Hymenodictyon excelsum).[3][4]

Hymenodictyon was named by Nathaniel Wallich in 1824 in an addendum to William Roxburgh's Flora Indica, in an edition published by Carey and Wallich after Roxburgh's death.[5][6] The generic name is derived from two Greek words, hymen, "membrane", and diktyon, "net". It refers to the wing that surrounds each seed.[7]

Molecular phylogenetic studies have shown that Hymenodictyon is paraphyletic over the Madagascan genus Paracorynanthe.[8]

In Hymenodictyon and Paracorynanthe, the stipules bear large deciduous glands called colleters. The corolla tube is narrow at the base, gradually widening toward the apex. The fruit is a woody capsule.

Hymenodictyon At: World Checklist of Rubiaceae At: Kew Gardens Website. (see External links below).
David J. Mabberley. 2008. Mabberley's Plant-Book third edition (2008). Cambridge University Press: UK. ISBN 978-0-521-82071-4
Hymenodictyon In: Index Nominum Genericorum. In: Regnum Vegetabile (see External links below).
David J. Mabberley. 1982. Hymenodictyon orixense, page 66. In: "William Roxburgh's 'Botanical description of a new species of Swietenia (Mahogany)' and other overlooked binomials in 36 vascular plant families". Taxon 31(1):65-73.
Hymenodictyon In: International Plant Names Index. (see External links below).
Nathaniel Wallich. 1824. Flora Indica; or Descriptions of Indian Plants 2:148. The Mission Press. Serampore, India. (see External links below)
Umberto Quattrocchi. 2000. CRC World Dictionary of Plant Names volume II. CRC Press: Boca Raton; New York; Washington,DC;, USA. London, UK. ISBN 978-0-8493-2676-9 (vol. II). (see External links below).
Ulrika Manns and Birgitta Bremer. 2010. "Towards a better understanding of intertribal relationships and stable tribal delimitations within Cinchonoideae s.s. (Rubiaceae)". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 56(1):21-39. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2010.04.002

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