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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Ordo: Caryophyllales

Familia: Amaranthaceae s.l.
Cladus: Amaranthaceae s.str.
Subfamilia: Gomphrenoideae
Genus: Iresine
Species: I. ajuscana – I. alternifolia – I. angustifolia – I. arbuscula – I. arrecta – I. borschii – I. cassiniiformis – I. chrysotricha – I. cubensis – I. diffusa – I. discolor – I. domingensis – I. flavescens – I. flavopilosa – I. hartmanii – I. hebanthoides – I. heterophylla – I. interrupta – I. jaliscana – I. latifolia – I. laurifolia – I. leptoclada – I. nigra – I. orientalis – I. palmeri – I. pedicellata – I. pringlei – I. rhizomatosa – I. rotundifolia – I. rzedowskii – I. schaffneri – I. sousae – I. stricta – I. valdesii

Iresine P.Browne, Civ. Nat. Hist. Jamaica 358. 1756., nom. et typ. cons.

Type: Iresine diffusa Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.
conserved type, proposed by Reveal & Nicolson, Taxon 38: 503 (1989), recommended Taxon 42: 691–692 (1993).


Caraxeron Vaill. ex Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 38 (1837), nom. illeg. superfl. for Philoxerus R.Br.
Crucita L., Sp. Pl., ed. 2. 1: 179. (1762)
Cruzeta Loefl., Iter Hispan. 203 (1758), nom. rej.
Type: Cruzeta hispanica Loefl.
Dicraurus Hook.f., Gen. Pl. [Bentham & Hooker f.] 3(1): 42 (1880)
Type: Dicraurus leptocladus Hook. f.
Gonufas Raf., Sylva Tellur. 124 (1838).
Type: Gonufas paniculata (L.) Raf.
Ireneis Moq., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 13(2): 349 (1849).
Irenella Suess., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 35: 318. (1934)
Type: Irenella chrysotricha Suess.
Rosea Mart., Nov. Gen. Sp. Pl. (Martius) 2(1): 58 (1826), nom. illeg. (later homonym of Rosea Fabr. 1759)
Type: Rosea elatior (Rich. ex Willd.) Mart.
Woehleria Griseb., Abh. Königl. Ges. Wiss. Göttingen 9: 11. (1861)
Type: Woehleria serpyllifolia Griseb.,
Xerandra Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 43 (1837).

Primary references

Browne, P. 1756. The Civil and Natural History of Jamaica in Three Parts. London. BHL Reference page. : 358
Grisebach, A. 1861. Erläuterungen ausgewählter Pflanzen des tropischen Amerikas. Abhandlungen der Königlichen Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften zu Göttingen 9: 3–58. BHL Reference page. : 11
Suessenguth, K., 1934. Neue und kritische Amarantaceen aus Süd- und Mittel-Amerika. Repertorium Specierum Novarum Regni Vegetabilis 35(18–25): 298–337. Biblioteca Digital Reference page. : 318.

Additional references

Borsch, T., Flores‐Olvera, H., Zumaya, S. & Müller, K. 2018. Pollen characters and DNA sequence data converge on a monophyletic genus Iresine (Amaranthaceae, Caryophyllales) and help to elucidate its species diversity. Taxon 67(5): 944–976. DOI: 10.12705/675.7 Reference page.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2019. Iresine in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 Jul. 29. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2019. Iresine. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2019. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 Jul. 29. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Iresine. Published online. Accessed: Jul. 29 2019. 2019. Iresine. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 Jul. 29.
Global Biodiversity Information Facility. 2019. GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset. Taxon: Iresine. .

Vernacular names
Deutsch: Iresinen

Iresine is a genus of flowering plants in the family Amaranthaceae.[1] It contains 20 to 25 species, all of which are native to the American tropics. The generic name is derived from the Greek word εριος (erios), meaning "wooly", referring to the trichome-covered flowers.[2] Bloodleaf[3] is a common name for those species that have colored foliage, and these are often cultivated as ornamental plants. Some species are additives to versions of the hallucinogenic drink ayahuasca.

Selected species

Iresine angustifolia Euph. – White snowplant
Iresine argentata (Mart.) D.Dietr. – Tropical bloodleaf
Iresine diffusa Humb. et Bonpl. ex Willd. (= Iresine celosia, Iresine celosioides, Iresine canescens, Iresine paniculata (L.) Kuntze, Iresine elongata) – Juba's bush
Iresine diffusa f. lindenii (=Iresine lindenii Humb. & Bonpl.)
Iresine elatior
Iresine flavescens Humb. et Bonpl. ex Willd. – Yellow bloodleaf
Iresine grandiflora
Iresine herbstii Hook. ex Lindl. – Herbst's bloodleaf
Iresine heterophylla Standl. – Standley's bloodleaf
Iresine keyensis
Iresine leptoclada (Hook.f.) Henrickson et Sundberg – Texas shrub
Iresine macrophylla R.E.Fr. (= Cruzeta celosioides (L.) M.Gómez, Celosia paniculata L., Iresine celosioides L.)
Iresine palmeri (S.Watson) Standl. – Palmer's bloodleaf
Iresine pedicellata Eliasson (Ecuador)
Iresine polymorpha Mart.
Iresine rhizomatosa Standl. – Rootstock bloodleaf[3]

Formerly placed here

Pfaffia glomerata (A.Spreng.) Pedersen (as I. glomerata A.Spreng.)
Aerva javanica (Burm.f.) Juss. ex Schult. (as I. javanica Burm.f. or I. persica Burm.f.)[4]


"Genus: Iresine P. Browne". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2007-10-05. Archived from the original on 2011-06-05. Retrieved 2010-02-24.
Gledhill, D. (2008). The Names of Plants (4th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 217. ISBN 978-0-521-86645-3.
"Iresine". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2010-02-24.

"GRIN Species Records of Iresine". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2010-11-04.


General references

Pink, A. (2004). Gardening for the Million. Project Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation.

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