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Justicia carnea

Justicia carnea, Photo: Michael Lahanas

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Lamiales

Familia: Acanthaceae
Subfamilia: Acanthoideae
Tribus: Justicieae
Genus: Justicia
Species: Justicia carnea

Justicia carnea Lindl., Edwards's Bot. Reg. 17: t. 1397. 1831.

Ethesia carnea (Lindl.) Raf., Flora Telluriana 4: 63. 1836 [1838].
Jacobinia carnea (Lindl.) G.Nicholson, Ill. Dict. Gard. 2: 206. 1885.
Jacobinia magnifica var. carnea (Lindl.) L.H.Bailey, Cycl. Amer. Hort.: 841. 1900.

Cyrtanthera magnifica Nees in Martius, Fl. Bras. 9: 100, t. 14. 1847.
Cyrtanthera magnifica var. minor Nees in Martius, Fl. Bras. 9: 100. 1847.
Cyrtanthera pohliana Nees in Martius, Fl. Bras. 9: 101. 1847.
Cyrtanthera pohliana var. obtusior Nees in Martius, Fl. Bras. 9: 101. 1847.
Cyrtanthera pohliana var. velutina Nees in Martius, Fl. Bras. 9: 101. 1847.
Jacobinia magnifica (Nees) Voss, Vilm. Blumengärtn., ed. 3. 1: 810. 1894.
Jacobinia magnifica (Nees) Lindau in Engler & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 4: 3b, 351. 1895, comb. superfl.
Jacobinia obtusior (Nees) L.H.Bailey, Gentes Herb. 1: 136. 1923.
Jacobinia pohliana (Nees) Benth. & Hook.f., Gen. Pl. 2(2): 1115. 1876, nom. inval.
Jacobinia pohliana (Nees) Voss, Vilm. Blumengärtn., ed. 3. 1: 810. 1895, in obs.
Jacobinia pohliana (Nees) Lindau in Engler & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 4(3b): 351. 1895.
Jacobinia pohliana var. velutina Nees, ined.?
Justicia magnifica Pohl ex Nees in Candolle, Prodr. 11: 329. 1847, nom. inval.


Justicia carnea Hook. = Justicia carnea Lindl.
Justicia carnea Hook. ex Nees = Pachystachys coccinea (Aubl.) Nees

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Southern America
Regional: Northyern South America
Argentina Northeast, Paraguay
Regional: Brazil
Brazil South, Brazil Southeast
Introduced into:
Colombia, Cook Is., Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Haiti, Hawaii, Myanmar, St.Helena, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Primary references

Lindley, J. 1831. Edward's Botanical Register; or, Flower Garden and Shrubbery. London 17: t. 1397.

Additional references

Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O., Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C.F.S. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) 2008. Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur (Argentina, Sur de Brasil, Chile, Paraguay y Uruguay). Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107(1): i–xcvi, 1–983; 107(2): i–xx, 985–2286; 107(3): i–xxi, 2287–3348. Reference page.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Justicia carnea in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Sep 13. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2020. Justicia carnea. Published online. Accessed: Sep 13 2020. 2020. Justicia carnea. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Sep 13.
Catalogue of Life: 2021 Annual Checklist
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Justicia carnea in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 07-Oct-06.

Vernacular names
English: Brazilian plume, Flamingo flower, Jacobinia, Pine-bur begonia
suomi: Isojaakonkukka

Justicia carnea, the Brazilian plume flower, Brazilian-plume, flamingo flower, or jacobinia, is a flowering plant in the family Acanthaceae.[1]

The perennial plant is native to the Atlantic Forest ecoregions of eastern Brazil.

It is cultivated and sold as a decorative potted plant and is planted in landscaping as a feature plant in warm temperate and subtropical climates.
See also

List of plants of Atlantic Forest vegetation of Brazil
Justicia — common names include water-willow and shrimp plant.
Ecoregions of the Atlantic Forest biome


USDA, NRCS (n.d.). "Justicia carnea". The PLANTS Database ( Greensboro, North Carolina: National Plant Data Team. Retrieved 28 May 2015.

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