Fine Art

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Malpighiales

Familia: Rhizophoraceae
Tribus: Rhizophoreae
Genus: Kandelia
Species: K. candel – K. obovata

Kandelia (DC.) Wight & Arn., Prodr. Fl. Ind. Orient. 1: 310. (1834)

Type species: Kandelia candel Druce, Bot. Exch. Club Brit. Isles Rep. 3(5): 420. (1914)


Replaced synonym
Rhizophora [infragen.unranked] Kandelia DC., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 3: 32. (1828)


Wight, R. & Arnott, G.A.W. 1834. Prodromus Florae Peninsulae Indiae Orientalis 1: 310.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Kandelia in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Apr. 18. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2020. Kandelia. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2020. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Apr. 18. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2020. Kandelia. Published online. Accessed: Apr. 18 2020.

Vernacular names
中文: 水笔仔, 秋茄

Kandelia is a plant genus of two species in the mangrove family Rhizophoraceae.


Kandelia species grow as small mangrove trees. Inflorescences bear 4 to 9 flowers. The fruits are ovoid.[2]
Distribution and habitat

Kandelia species grow in India, China, Japan, Burma, Thailand, Vietnam, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia and Borneo.[3][4] Their habitat is mangrove areas.[2]

As of September 2014 The Plant List and Tropicos recognise 2 species:[5]

Kandelia candel (L.) Druce
Kandelia obovata Sheue, H.Y. Liu & J. Yong


"Genus: Kandelia (DC.) Wight & Arn". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 17 September 1996. Archived from the original on 7 September 2014. Retrieved 6 September 2014.
Madani, L.; Wong, K. M. (1995). "Kandelia Wight & Arn.". In Soepadmo, E.; Wong, K. M. (eds.). Tree Flora of Sabah and Sarawak. (free online from the publisher, lesser resolution scan PDF versions). 1. Forest Research Institute Malaysia. pp. 339–341. ISBN 983-9592-34-3. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 September 2013. Retrieved 6 September 2014.
"Kandelia candel (L.) Druce". Tropicos. Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved 6 September 2014.
"Kandelia obovata Sheue, H.Y. Liu & J. Yong". Tropicos. Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved 6 September 2014.
"Kandelia". The Plant List. Retrieved 6 September 2014.

Plants, Fine Art Prints

Plants Images

Biology Encyclopedia

Retrieved from ""
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

Home - Hellenica World