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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Gentianales

Familia: Apocynaceae
Subfamilia: Rauvolfioideae
Tribus: Vinceae
Subtribus: Kopsiinae
Genus: Kopsia
Species: (24)
K. angustipetala – K. arborea – K. dasyrachis – K. deverrei – K. flavida – K. fruticosa – K. grandifolia – K. griffithii – K. hainanensis – K. harmandiana – K. lapidilecta – K. larutensis – K. macrophylla – K. pauciflora – K. profunda – K. rajangensis – K. rosea – K. singapurensis – K. sleeseniana – K. sumatrana – K. tenuis – K. teoi – K. tonkinensis – K. vidalii

Kopsia Blume, Catalogus: 12 (1823), nom. cons.

Type species: Kopsia arborea Blume, Catalogus: 13 (1823)


Kentrochrosia K.Schum. & Lauterb., Fl. Schutzgeb. Südsee: 506 (1900)


Kopsia Dum., Commentat. 16. (1822) vide: Orobanche L., Species Plantarum, Tomus II: 632–633. (1753)

Native distribution areas:

China South-Central, Hainan, China Southeast.
Andaman Islands, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Nicobar Islands, Thailand, Vietnam.
Borneo, Jawa, Lesser Sunda Islands, Malaya, Maluku, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatera.
New Guinea, Solomon Islands.
Southwestern Pacific
Northwestern Pacific
Caroline Islands.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

Blume, C.L. 1823. Catalogus van eenige der Merkwaardigste Zoo in- als Uitheemse Gewassen te Vinden in 's Lands Plantentuin te Buitenzorg Opgemaakt Door C. L. Blume, M.D., Directeur van Voorz. Tuin s.l. n.d. Batavia [Jakarta] 12.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2017. Kopsia in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2017 Sept. 29. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2012. Kopsia. Published online. Accessed: 26. Nov. 2012.
Middleton, D.J. 2004. A revision of Kopsia (Apocynaceae: Rauvolfioideae). Harvard Papers in Botany 9. 89-142. PDF from ResearchGate 2012. Kopsia. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2012 Nov. 26.

Vernacular names

বাংলা: কপসিয়া
فارسی: کپسیا
മലയാളം: കോപ്‌സിയ
中文: 蕊木属

Kopsia is a genus of plant in family Apocynaceae first described as a genus in 1823. Kopsia is native to China, Southeast Asia, Australia, and various islands of the western Pacific.[1][2]


Kopsia angustipetala Kerr - Thailand, Laos
Kopsia arborea Blume - S China, SE Asia, N Australia, Andaman & Nicobar Is
Kopsia dasyrachis Ridl. - Sabah
Kopsia deverrei L.Allorge - Johor
Kopsia flavida Blume - Philippines, Maluku, New Guinea, Solomon Is, Vanuatu, Micronesia
Kopsia fruticosa (Roxb.) A.DC. - Myanmar, Andaman Is
Kopsia grandifolia D.J.Middleton - Johor, Anambas Is
Kopsia griffithii King & Gamble - W Malaysia
Kopsia hainanensis Tsiang - Hainan
Kopsia harmandiana Pierre ex Pit. - Vietnam
Kopsia lapidilecta Sleesen - Natuna Is
Kopsia larutensis King & Gamble - W Malaysia
Kopsia macrophylla Hook.f. - W Malaysia
Kopsia pauciflora Hook.f. - Indochina, W Malaysia, Sumatra
Kopsia profunda King & Gamble - W Malaysia
Kopsia rajangensis D.J.Middleton - Sarawak
Kopsia rosea D.J.Middleton - S Thailand, Kelantan
Kopsia singapurensis Ridl. - Singapore, W Malaysia
Kopsia sleesiana Markgraf - Sarawak
Kopsia sumatrana D.J.Middleton - Sumatra
Kopsia tenuis Leenh. & Steenis - Sarawak
Kopsia teoi L.Allorge - W Malaysia
Kopsia tonkinensis Pit. - Vietnam
Kopsia vidalii D.J.Middleton - Vietnam


"World Checklist of Selected Plant Families". Retrieved May 18, 2014.

Flora of China Vol. 16 Page 162 蕊木属 rui mu shu Kopsia Blume, Catalogus. 12. 1823.

D. J. Middleton: A revision of Kopsia (Apocynaceae: Rauvolfioideae). In: Harvard Papers in Botany. 9, 2004, S. 89-142.
P.-T. Li, A.J.M. Leeuwenberg, D.J. Middleton: Apocynaceae. In: Flora of China. Vol. 16. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 1995, S. 143-188. ISBN 0-915279-33-9.
T. Sévenet, L. Allorge, B. David, K. Awanga, A. Hamid A. Hadi, C. Kan-Fan, J.-C. Quirion, F. Remy, H. Schaller, L.E. Teo: A preliminary chemotaxonomic review of Kupsia (Apocynaceae). Journal of Ethnophamacology, Band 41, 1994, S. 147-183.
M.E. Endress, P. V. Bruyns: A revised classification of the Apocynaceae s.l. Bot. Rev. 66, 2000, S. 1-56.
K. Potgieter, V.A. Albert: Phylogenetic relationships within Apocynaceae s.l. based on trnL intron and trnL-F spacer sequences and propagule characters. Ann. Miss. Bot. Gard. 88, 2001, S. 523-549.
B. Sennblad, B. Bremer: Classification of Apocynaceae s.l. according to a new approach combining Linnaean and phylogenetic taxonomy. Syst. Biol. 51(3), 2002, S. 389-409. (PDF)
Middleton D.J. 2004: A revision of Kopsia (Apocynaceae: Rauvolfioideae). Harvard Pap. Bot. 9: 89-142.
D.J. Middleton: A new species of Kopsia (Apocynaceae, Rauvolfioideae) from Vietnam. Adansonia 27, 2005, S. 287-289. - (PDF)

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