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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Lamiales

Familia: Lamiaceae
Subfamilia: Nepetoideae
Tribus: Ocimeae
Subtribus: Lavandulinae
Genus: Lavandula
Subgenus: L. subg. Lavandula
Sectio: L. sect. Dentatae
Species: Lavandula dentata
Varietates: L. d. var. candicans – L. d. var. dentata

Lavandula dentata L., (1753).

Lavandula × allardii Hy
Lavandula × heterophylla Poir.


Stoechas dentata (L.) Mill., Gard. Dict. ed. 8: n.° 3 (1768).
Lavandula dentata var. vulgaris Ging., Hist. Nat. Lavand.: 139 (1826), nom. inval.

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Africa
Regional: Northern Africa
Algeria, Morocco
Regional: Eastern Africa
Eritrea, Ethiopia
Continental: Europe
Regional: Southwestern Europe
Baleares, Spain
Continental: Asia-Temperate
Regional: Arabian Peninsula
Palestine, Saudi Arabia, Yemen
Introduced into:
Bulgaria, Canary Is., Cape Verde, Greece,itzerland.html">Switzerland, Italy, Madeira, New Zealand North, Norfolk Is., Sicilia, Tunisia

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Primary references

Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum. Tomus II: 572. Reference page. :

Additional references

Govaerts, R.H.A. 2003. World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [unavailable for the public] Reference page.
Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. 2012. Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du Nord. Volume 4: Dicotyledoneae: Fabaceae – Nymphaeaceae. Conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève, ISBN 978-2-8277-0126-1, 431 pp. PDF Reference page.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2022. Lavandula dentata in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2022 May 21. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2022. Lavandula dentata. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2022. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: 2022 May 21. Reference page. 2022. Lavandula dentata. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 21 May 2022.
International Plant Names Index. 2022. Lavandula dentata. Published online. Accessed: May 21 2022.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Lavandula dentata in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 2022 May 21.

Vernacular names
Deutsch: Gezähnter Lavendel
English: French lavender, toothed lavender
español: Alhucema Rizada
suomi: Nyhälaventeli
français: Lavande dentée
italiano: Spigo-nardo
svenska: Kamlavendel
Türkçe: Fransız lavantası

Lavandula dentata, Lavanda de la brecha (Spain), fringed lavender or French lavender, is a species of flowering plant in the family Lamiaceae, native to the Mediterranean, the Atlantic islands and the Arabian peninsula. Growing to 60 cm (24 in) tall, it has gray-green, linear or lance-shaped leaves with toothed edges and a lightly woolly texture.[1] The long-lasting, narrow spikes of purple flowers, topped with pale violet bracts, first appear in late spring. The whole plant is strongly aromatic with the typical lavender fragrance.[2]

Its native habitat includes low hills with limestone substrates amidst other shrubs. It is present on Madeira and the Canary Islands.[3]

One of several species known by the English common name French lavender (see also Lavandula stoechas),[2] it is commonly grown as an ornamental plant and its essential oil is used in perfumes.[4] Like other lavenders, it is particularly associated with dry, sunny, well-drained conditions in alkaline soil. But it will tolerate a range of conditions, though it may be short-lived. The cultivar L. dentata var. dentata 'Royal Crown' has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[5][6] It requires some shelter in frost-prone areas.

The plant is used in Murcia as an herbal remedy for stomach ache.[3]


Bayer, E.; Buttler; Finkenzeller; Grau (1989). Plantas del Mediterráneo. Barcelona: Blume. ISBN 84-7031-629-X.
RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 978-1405332965.
López González, Ginés A. (2007). Madrid:Mundi-Prensa (ed.). Guía de los árboles y arbustos de la Península Ibérica y Baleares. ISBN 978-84-8476-312-3.
"FAO". Archived from the original on 2010-07-27. Retrieved 2010-07-31.
"RHS Plant Selector - Lavandula dentata var. dentata 'Royal Crown'". Retrieved 23 February 2020.
"AGM Plants - Ornamental" (PDF). Royal Horticultural Society. July 2017. p. 59. Retrieved 19 March 2018.

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