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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Lamiales

Familia: Lamiaceae
Subfamilia: Nepetoideae
Tribus: Mentheae
Subtribus: Salviinae
Genus: Lepechinia
Species: L. anomala – L. bella – L. betonicifolia – L. bullata – L. calycina – L. cardiophylla – L. caulescens – L. chamaedryoides – L. cocuyensis – L. codon – L. conferta – L. dioica – L. flammea – L. floribunda – L. fragrans – L. ganderi – L. glomerata – L. hastata – L. heteromorpha – L. lamiifolia – L. lancifolia – L. leucophylloides – L. marica – L. mecistandrum – L. mexicana – L. meyenii – L. mollis – L. mutica – L. nelsonii – L. paniculata – L. radula – L. rossii – L. rufocampi – L. salviae – L. salviifolia – L. salviifolia – L. salviifolia – L. schiedeana – L. scobina – L. speciosa – L. tomentosa – L. urbani – L. velutina – L. vesiculosa – L. vulcanicola – L. yecorana

Lepechinia Willd., Hort. Berol. 1: 20 (1804)

Type species: Lepechinia caulescens (Ortega) Epling, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 85: 20. (1935)


Alguelaguen Feuillée ex Adans., Fam. Pl. 2: 505 (1763)
Phytoxis Molina, Sag. Stor. Nat. Chili, ed. 2: 145 (1810)
Ulricia Jacq. ex Steud., Nomencl. Bot. 1: 862 (1821)
Sphacele Benth., Edwards's Bot. Reg. 15: t. 1289 (1829)
Astemon Regel, Index Seminum (LE) 1860: 38 (1860)
Alguelagum Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 511 (1891)
Chaunostoma Donn.Sm., Bot. Gaz. 20: 9 (1895)
Mahya Cordem., Fl. Réunion: 490 (1895)
Neoeplingia Ramamoorthy, Hiriart & González Medrano, Francisco Bol. Soc. Bot. México 43: 61. (1982)


Willdenow, C.L. von 1804. Hortus Berolinensis sub pl. 21.
Drew, B.T. & Systema, K.J. 2011. Testing the Monophyly and Placement of Lepechinia in the Tribe Mentheae (Lamiaceae). Systematic Botany 36(4): 1038–1049. DOI: 10.1600/036364411X605047 PDF Reference page.
Drew, B.T., Cacho, N.I., & Sytsma, K.J. 2014. The transfer of two rare monotypic genera, Neoeplingia and Chaunostoma, to Lepechinia (Lamiaceae), and notes on their conservation. Taxon 63(4): 831-842. DOI: 10.12705/634.6 Paywall PDF Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2014. Lepechinia in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2014 July 4. Reference page. 2014. Lepechinia. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2014 July 4.
International Plant Names Index. 2014. Lepechinia. Published online. Accessed: July 4 2014.

Lepechinia is a genus of plants in the mint family, Lamiaceae.[3] It includes several species of plants known commonly as pitchersages (also pitcher sages).[4] Plants of this genus can be found in Central and South America, Mexico, California, Hispaniola, and Hawaii, although the species in Hawaii is probably a human introduction.[2][5][6] Many of them bear attractive pitcher-shaped flowers, often in shades of purple. The genus was named for the Russian botanist Ivan Ivanovich Lepechin.[7] Recently, the two monotypic genera Chaunostoma and Neoeplingia were shown to be part of Lepechinia.[8]


Lepechinia anomala Epling - southern Brazil
Lepechinia bella Epling - Bolivia
Lepechinia betonicaefolia (Lam.) Epling - Colombia, Ecuador
Lepechinia bullata (Kunth) Epling - Colombia, Ecuador, Venezuela
Lepechinia calycina (Benth.) Epling ex Munz – pitcher sage, woodbalm - California (Coast Ranges + northern Sierra Nevada)
Lepechinia cardiophylla Epling – Santa Ana pitcher sage - southern California, Baja California
Lepechinia caulescens (Ortega) Epling - Mexico, Guatemala
Lepechinia chamaedryoides (Balb.) Epling - Chile
Lepechinia cocuyensis J.R.I.Wood - Colombia
Lepechinia codon Epling - Peru
Lepechinia conferta (Benth.) Epling - Colombia, Venezuela
Lepechinia dioica J.A.Hart - Ecuador
Lepechinia flammea Mart.Gord. & Lozada-Pérez - Guerrero
Lepechinia floribunda (Benth.) Epling - Peru, Bolivia, Argentina
Lepechinia fragrans (Greene) Epling – island pitcher sage, fragrant pitcher sage - southern California including offshore Channel Islands
Lepechinia ganderi Epling – San Diego pitcher sage - southern California, Baja California
Lepechinia glomerata Epling - Jalisco
Lepechinia hastata (A.Gray) Epling – pakata - Baja California and Baja California Sur, including Revillagigedo Islands; naturalized in Hawaii
Lepechinia heteromorpha (Briq.) Epling - Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia
Lepechinia lamiifolia (Benth.) Epling - Ecuador, Peru
Lepechinia lancifolia (Rusby) Epling - Bolivia
Lepechinia leucophylloides (Ramamoorthy, Hiriart & Medrano) B.T.Drew, Cacho & Sytsma - Hidalgo
Lepechinia marica Epling & Mathias - Peru
Lepechinia mecistandra (Donn.Sm.) H.K.Moon - Chiapas, Guatemala, El Salvador
Lepechinia mexicana (S.Schauer) Epling - central + northeastern Mexico
Lepechinia meyenii (Walp.) Epling - Peru, Bolivia, Argentina
Lepechinia mollis (Epling) Epling - Peru
Lepechinia mutica (Benth.) Epling - Ecuador
Lepechinia nelsonii (Fernald) Epling - central + southern Mexico
Lepechinia paniculata (Kunth) Epling - Ecuador
Lepechinia radula (Benth.) Epling - Ecuador, Peru
Lepechinia rossii S.Boyd & Mistretta – Ross' pitcher sage - southern California (Los Angeles + Ventura Counties)
Lepechinia rufocampii Epling & Mathias - Ecuador
Lepechinia salviae (Lindl.) Epling - Chile
Lepechinia salviifolia (Kunth) Epling - Colombia, Venezuela
Lepechinia schiedeana (Schltdl.) Vatke - Mexico, Guatemala, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Venezuela
Lepechinia scobina Epling - Peru
Lepechinia speciosa (A.St.-Hil. ex Benth.) Epling - southern Brazil
Lepechinia tomentosa (Benth.) Epling - Peru
Lepechinia urbani (Briq.) Epling - Hispaniola
Lepechinia velutina J.R.I.Wood - Colombia
Lepechinia vesiculosa (Benth.) Epling - Peru, Bolivia, Argentina
Lepechinia vulcanicola J.R.I.Wood - Colombia
Lepechinia yecorana Henrickson, Fishbein & T.Van Devender - Sonora


"Genus: Lepechinia Willd". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2004-09-10. Retrieved 2011-02-17.
Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
"Lepechinia Willd. | Plants of the World Online | Kew Science". Plants of the World Online. Retrieved 17 October 2021.
"Lepechinia". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2011-02-17.
Hart, J. A. 1983. Systematic and evolutionary studies in the genus Lepechinia (Lamiaceae). Ph.D. thesis. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University.
Biota of North America Program 2013 county distribution maps
Burkhardt, Lotte (2018). Verzeichnis eponymischer Pflanzennamen – Erweiterte Edition [Index of Eponymic Plant Names – Extended Edition] (pdf) (in German). Berlin: Botanic Garden and Botanical Museum, Freie Universität Berlin. doi:10.3372/epolist2018. ISBN 978-3-946292-26-5. Retrieved 1 January 2021.
Drew, Bryan T. Sytsma, Kenneth J. 2011. Testing the Monophyly and Placement of Lepechinia in the Tribe Mentheae (Lamiaceae). Systematic Botany, 36: 1038-1049.

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