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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Lamiales

Familia: Plantaginaceae
Tribus: Gratioleae
Genus: Limnophila

Species: L. aquatica – L. aromatica – L. bangweolensis – L. barteri – L. borealis – L. ceratophylloides – L. chinensis – L. connata – L. crassifolia – L. dasyantha – L. erecta – L. fluviatilis – L. fragrans – L. heterophyllaL. indica – L. repens – L. rugosa – L. sessiliflora – L. tenera

Limnophila R.Br. Prodr. 442. (1810)

Type species: Limnophila indica (L.) Druce Bot. Exch. Club Soc. Brit. Isles 3(5): 420. (1913)

Brown, R. 1810. Prodromus Florae Novae Hollandiae 442.
The Plant List 2013. Limnophila in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published online. Accessed: 2014 May 31. 2014. Limnophila. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 31 May 2014.
International Plant Names Index. 2014. Limnophila. Published online. Accessed: May 31 2014.

Vernacular names
čeština: Bahnatka
English: Marshweeds
suomi: Kidusruohot
français: Limnophile

Limnophila is a genus of flowering plants in the family Plantaginaceae. It is distributed in tropical and subtropical regions of Africa, Asia, Australia, and the Pacific Islands.[2] Species are known commonly as marshweeds.[3]

These are annual or perennial herbs. They grow in wet habitat, such as marshes, and some are aquatic. Some species are glandular and aromatic. Plants of the genus vary in form, from erect to prostrate, and with branching or unbranched stems. Submerged leaves are whorled; aerial leaves are whorled or oppositely arranged. The leaves are lance-shaped or pinnate, and the blades have smooth or serrated edges. Some species have flowers solitary in the leaf axils, and others have flowers in inflorescences. The sepals are arranged in a tubular calyx, and the corolla is tubular or funnel-shaped. The corolla has a lower lip with three lobes and an upper lip that is unlobed or double-lobed.[2]

Cabomba caroliniana, a plant in a different family, is noted for having leaves that resemble those of Limnophila.[4]
Limnophila heterophylla in China

There are about 40 species in the genus.[2]

Species include:[2][5][6]

Limnophila aquatica
Limnophila aromatica – swampleaf, rice paddy herb
Limnophila bangweolensis
Limnophila barteri
Limnophila borealis
Limnophila ceratophylloides
Limnophila chinensis – finger grass
Limnophila connata
Limnophila dasyantha
Limnophila erecta
Limnophila heterophylla
Limnophila indica – Indian marshweed
Limnophila repens
Limnophila rugosa
Limnophila sessiliflora – ambulia
Limnophila tenera


"Limnophila R.Br. | Plants of the World Online | Kew Science". Plants of the World Online. Retrieved 2020-06-02.
Limnophila. Flora of China.
Limnophila. Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS).
Cabomba caroliniana. Flora of North America.
Limnophila. The Plant List.
GRIN Species Records of Limnophila. Archived 2015-09-24 at the Wayback Machine Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN).

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