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Linum narbonense

Linum narbonense, Photo: Michael Lahanas

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Malpighiales

Familia: Linaceae
Subfamilia: Linoideae
Genus: Linum
Species: Linum narbonense
Subspecies: L. n. subsp. barrasii – L. n. subsp. narbonense

Linum narbonense L., Sp. Pl. 1: 278 (1753).

Linum narbonense Pall. ex M.Bieb., Fl. Taur.-Caucas. 1: 254 (1808). = Linum nervosum subsp. nervosum
Linum narbonense Suter, Helvet. Fl. 1: 184 (1802). = Linum alpinum subsp. alpinum
Linum narbonense Desf., Fl. Atlant. 1: 279 (1798). = Linum bienne Mill.

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Europe
Regional: Middle Europe
Switzerland (introduced).
Regional: Southwestern Europe
Baleares, Corse, France, Portugal, Spain.
Regional: Southeastern Europe
Italy, Sicilia, Yugoslavia.
Continental: Africa
Regional: Northern Africa
Algeria, Morocco.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Primary references

Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum. Tomus I: 278. Reference page.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2022. Linum narbonense in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2022 Apr 3. Reference page. 2022. Linum narbonense. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 3 Apr 2022.
International Plant Names Index. 2022. Linum narbonense. Published online. Accessed: 3 Apr 2022.
Hassler, M. 2022. World Plants. Synonymic Checklist and Distribution of the World Flora. . Linum narbonense. Accessed: 3 Apr 2022.
Hassler, M. 2022. Linum narbonense. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2022. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: 2022 Apr 3. Reference page.
Euro+Med 2006 onwards: Linum narbonense in Euro+Med PlantBase – the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity. Published online. Accessed: 2022 Apr 3.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Linum narbonense in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 09-Oct-10.

Vernacular names
English: Perennial Flax, Blue flax
suomi: Ranskanpellava
français: Lin de Narbonne

Linum narbonense, the perennial flax or blue flax, is a flowering plant in the family Linaceae, native to Europe and similar in appearance to Linum perenne.

Growing to 1–2.5 feet tall and 1 foot wide, the stem terminates in a cyme of about ten clear blue flowers with five petals, 2–2.5 cm in diameter, and the small, narrow grayish green leavesk are arranged on the stem in whorls. In early summer it produces teardrops buds. The seed heads are small beige balls.

Linum narbonense is found cultivated in gardens. Seeds should be started indoors 6–8 weeks before last frost or outdoors in early spring once the soil is workable. Seeds should germinate in 14–30 days.

Ilona's garden: Linum narbonense

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