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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids II
Ordo: Myrtales

Familia: Myrtaceae
Subfamilia: Myrtoideae
Tribus: Lophostemoneae
Genus: Lophostemon
Species: L. confertus – L. grandiflorus – L. lactifluus – L. suaveolens

Lophostemon Schott, Wiener Z. Kunst 1830(3): 772 (1830).

Type species: Lophostemon confertus (R.Br.) Peter G.Wilson & J.T.Waterh., Austral. J. Bot. 30(4): 424 (1982).


Tristania sect. Lophostemon (Schott) Benth. & Hook.f., Gen. Pl. (1838).
Homaliopsis S.Moore, J. Bot. 58: 187 (1920).


Schott, H.W. 1830. Wiener Zeitschrift für Kunst, Litteratur, Theater und Mode (3): 772.
Lophostemon in: Australian Plant Census (APC) 2018. IBIS database, Centre for Australian National Biodiversity Research, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria. Accessed: 2018 Aug. 13.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2018. Lophostemon in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Aug. 11. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2018. Lophostemon. Published online. Accessed: Aug. 11 2018.
Sleumer, H. 1969. The identity of Homaliopsis Sp. Moore. Blumea-Biodiversity, Evolution and Biogeography of Plants 17(1): 4-4. PDF As Tristania suaveolens Sm.
Wilson, P.G. & Waterhouse, J.T. 1982. A review of the genus Tristania R. Br. (Myrtaceae): a heterogeneous assemblage of five genera. Australian Journal of Botany 30(4): 413–446. DOI: 10.1071/BT9820413 Reference page.

Lophostemon ('lophos' - crest, 'stemon' - stamen) is a genus of 4 species of evergreen tree in the myrtle family Myrtaceae. All four species are native to Australia, with one extending to New Guinea.[1] The genus was first described in 1830[2][3] but not widely recognized until the 1980s. All 4 species were previously included in the related genus Tristania.[4][5]

The most well-known species, L. confertus is a familiar tree to many people living along the east coast of Australia, where it known colloquially as the brush box. Quite frequently, it has been planted as a street tree, a role it isn't suited for as it grows to 30 metres in height and quite often suffers lopping due to obstructing overhead power lines.

Lophostemon species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Aenetus ligniveren.


Lophostemon confertus (R.Br.) Peter G.Wilson & J.T.Waterh. - (Brush Box, Queensland Box, Brisbane Box) Queensland, New South Wales
Lophostemon grandiflorus (Benth.) Peter G.Wilson & J.T.Waterh. - (Northern Swamp Box) Queensland, Northern Territory, Western Australia
Lophostemon lactifluus (F.Muell.) Peter G.Wilson & J.T.Waterh. - (Milky Box) Northern Territory, Western Australia
Lophostemon suaveolens (Sol. ex Gaertn.) Peter G.Wilson & J.T.Waterh. - (Swamp Mahogany, Swamp Turpentine, Swamp Box) Queensland, New South Wales, New Guinea


Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
Schott, Heinrich Wilhelm. 1830. Wiener Zeitschrift für Kunst, Litteratur, Theater und Mode 1830(3): 772
Tropicos, Lophostemon Schott
Wilson, Peter Gordon & Waterhouse, John Teast. 1982. Australian Journal of Botany 30(4): 424-430
Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government, Canberra. "Lophostemon". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), IBIS database. Retrieved 5 October 2007.

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