Fine Art

Ludisia discolor

Ludisia discolor, Photo: Michael Lahanas

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Orchidaceae
Subfamilia: Orchidoideae
Tribus: Cranichideae
Subtribus: Goodyerinae
Genus: Ludisia
Species: Ludisia discolor

Ludisia discolor (Ker Gawl.) A.Rich. in J.B.G.Bory de Saint-Vincent, Dict. Class. Hist. Nat. 7: 437. (1825)

Goodyera discolor Ker Gawl., Bot. Reg. 4: t. 271. (1818)
Neottia discolor (Ker Gawl.) Steud., Nomencl. Bot. 2: 551. (1821)
Gonogona discolor (Ker Gawl.) Link, Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. 2: 369. (1822)
Haemaria discolor (Ker Gawl.) Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl.: 490. (1840)
Myoda rufescens Lindl., Edwards's Bot. Reg. 19: t. 1618. (1834)
Dicrophyla elegans Raf., Fl. Tellur. 4: 39. (1838), nom. illeg.
Ludisia furetii Blume, Coll. Orchid.: 114. (1859)
Ludisia odorata Blume, Coll. Orchid.: 114. (1859)
Goodyera rubrovenia B.S.Williams, Orch.-Grow. Man., ed. 2: 106. (1862)
Anoectochilus dawsonianus H.Low ex Rchb.f., Gard. Chron. 1868: 1038. (1868)
Anoectochilus ordianus K.Koch, Wochenschr. Vereines Beford. Gartenbaues Konigl. Preuss. Staaten 14: 130. (1871), nom. subnud.
Goodyera ordiana B.S.Williams, Orch.-Grow. Man., ed. 4: 82. (1871)
Anoectochilus ordeanus Jennings, Orchids: t. 43. (1875)
Goodyera ordeana (Jennings) Boxall ex Náves in F.M.Blanco, Fl. Filip., ed. 3, 4(13A): 248. (1880)
Goodyera rodigasciana L.Linden, Ill. Hort. 34: 175. (1886)
Haemaria otletae Rolfe, Ill. Hort. 38: 31. (1891)
Haemaria rubrovenia (B.S.Williams) Rchb.f. ex Berthold Stein, Orchid.-Buch: 274. (1891)
Haemaria discolor var. dawsoniana (H.Low ex Rchb.f.) B.S.Williams, Orch.-Grow. Man., ed. 7: 419. (1894)
Haemaria discolor var. denisoniana Kerch., Livre Orchid.: t. 6, f. 5. (1894)
Haemaria discolor var. ordeana (Jennings) B.S.Williams, Orch.-Grow. Man., ed. 7: 419. (1894)
Haemaria discolor var. concolor Ridl., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 32: 401. (1896)
Haemaria discolor var. rhodoneura Schltr., Orchis 7: 5. (1913)
Haemaria discolor var. trilineata Schltr., Orchis 7: 5. (1913)
Haemaria dawsoniana (H.Low ex Rchb.f.) Hasselbr. in L.H.Bailey, Stand. Cycl. Hort. 3: 1426. (1915)
Haemaria pauciflora Gagnep., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 80: 349. (1933)
Haemaria discolor var. condorensis Gagnep. in H.Lecomte, Fl. Indo-Chine 6: 562. (1934)
Haemaria discolor var. grandis Gagnep. in H.Lecomte, Fl. Indo-Chine 6: 562. (1934)
Kuhlhasseltia carrii Holttum, Gard. Bull. Singapore 11: 281. (1947)
Ludisia dawsoniana (H.Low ex Rchb.f.) Aver., Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 73: 432. (1988)
Ludisia otletae (Rolfe) Aver., Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 73: 432. (1988)
Ludisia discolor var. ordiana (B.S.Williams) J.M.H.Shaw, Orchid Rev. 117(1285, Suppl.): 85. (2009)


Richard, A. (1825) Dictionnaire classique d'histoire naturelle 7: 437.
Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.W. & Rasmussen, F.N. (eds.) 2003. Genera Orchidacearum Volume 3: Orchidoideae (Part two); page 116 ff., Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-850711-9
Govaerts, R. et al. 2012. Ludisia discolor in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2012 Nov. 5. Reference page. 2013. Ludisia discolor in The Orders and Families of Monocotyledons. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2013 Nov. 22. 2012. Ludisia discolor. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2012 Nov. 5.
International Plant Names Index. 2012. Ludisia discolor. Published online. Accessed: 5. Nov. 2012.
The Plant List 2013. Ludisia discolor in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2014 Apr. 27.

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Asia-Temperate
Regional: China
China South-Central, China Southeast, Hainan.
Continental: Asia-Tropical
Regional: Indo-China
Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam.
Regional: Malesia
Borneo, Malaya, Philippines, Sumatera.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Vernacular names
English: Black Jewel Orchid
español: Orquídeas Joya
suomi: Ludisia
lietuvių: Paprastoji liudizija
ไทย: ว่านน้ำทอง
中文: 血葉蘭

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