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Mammillaria compressa

Mammillaria compressa , Photo: Michael Lahanas

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Ordo: Caryophyllales

Familia: Cactaceae
Subfamilia: Cactoideae
Tribus: Cacteae
Genus: Mammillaria
Subgenus: M. subg. Mammillaria
Sectio: M. sect. Mammillaria
Series: M. ser. Mammillaria
Species: Mammillaria compressa


Mammillaria compressa DC., Mém. Mus. Par. 17: 112 (1828).

Cactus cirrhifer (Mart.) Kuntze
Cactus compressus (DC.) Kuntze
Cactus conopseus (Van Houtte) Kuntze
Cactus longisetus (Muehlenpf.) Kuntze
Cactus squarrosus (Meinsh.) Kuntze
Cactus subangularis (DC.) Kuntze
Cactus triacanthus (DC.) Kuntze
Mammillaria angularis var. compressa K.Schum.
Mammillaria angularis var. fulvescens Salm-Dyck
Mammillaria angularis var. fulvispina K.Schum.
Mammillaria angularis var. longiseta (Muehlenpf.) Salm-Dyck ex K.Schum.
Mammillaria angularis var. triacantha (DC.) Salm-Dyck
Mammillaria angularis f. triacantha (DC.) Schelle
Mammillaria bernalensis Repp.
Mammillaria centralifera Repp.
Mammillaria cirrhifera Mart.
Mammillaria cirrhifera var. angulosior Lem.
Mammillaria cirrhifera var. longiseta (Muehlenpf.) Salm-Dyck
Mammillaria cirrifera Salm-Dyck
Mammillaria compressa subsp. centralifera (Repp.) D.R.Hunt
Mammillaria compressa var. rubrispina Borg
Mammillaria conopsea var. longispina Scheidw.
Mammillaria esseriana Boed.
Mammillaria kleinschmidtiana Zeiss.
Mammillaria longiseta Muehlenpf.
Mammillaria oettingenii Zeiss.
Mammillaria plinthimorpha Jacobi
Mammillaria squarrosa Meinsh.
Mammillaria subangularis DC.
Mammillaria subcirrhifera C.F.Först.
Mammillaria tolimensis R.T.Craig
Mammillaria tolimensis var. brevispina R.T.Craig
Mammillaria tolimensis var. longispina R.T.Craig
Mammillaria tolimensis var. subuncinata R.T.Craig
Mammillaria triacantha DC.
Neomammillaria compressa (DC.) Britton & Rose
Neomammillaria subangularis (DC.) Y.Itô
Neomammillaria subangularis var. longiseta (Salm-Dyck) Y.Itô
Neomammillaria subangularis var. rubrispina Y.Itô
Neomammillaria tolimensis (R.T.Craig) Y.Itô
Neomammillaria tolimensis var. brevispina (R.T.Craig) Y.Itô
Neomammillaria tolimensis var. longispina (R.T.Craig) Y.Itô

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Northern America
Regional: Mexico
Mexico Central, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southwest

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Primary references

De Candolle, A.P. 1828. Mémoires du Museum d'Histoire Naturelle 17: 112.

Additional references

Villaseñor, J.L. 2016. Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico. Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559–902. DOI: 10.1016/j.rmb.2016.06.017 Online PDF Reference page.
Hernández, H.M. & Gómez-Hinostrosa, C. (2015). Mapping the cacti of Mexico part II. Mammillaria Succulent Plant Research 9: 1-189.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Mammillaria compressa in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Mar 16. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2021. Mammillaria compressa. Published online. Accessed: Mar 16 2021. 2021. Mammillaria compressa. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Mar 16.
Hassler, M. 2021. Mammillaria compressa. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2021. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Mar 16. Reference page.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Mammillaria compressa in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 09-Oct-10.

English: mother-of-hundreds
русский: Маммиллярия плоская
svenska: Syskonvårtkaktus
Türkçe: Yassı iğnedenlik

Mammillaria compressa, commonly called mother of hundreds, is a species of cactus in the subfamily Cactoideae.[1] It is native to northern and southern Mexico, and is cultivated as an ornamental plant.[1] It blooms in the winter and early spring, with bell-shaped flowers that range from a purplish pink to red color.[2] Its curved spines were traditionally used as hooks for fishing.[2]


Wiersema, John H.; León, Blanca (2016). World Economic Plants: A Standard Reference, Second Edition. Boca Raton: CRC Press. p. 431. ISBN 978-1466576810. Retrieved 17 February 2020 – via GoogleBooks.
"Mammillaria compressa". LLIFLE. 14 November 2005. Retrieved 17 February 2020.

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