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Spathodea sp Blanco2.242

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Lamiales

Familia: Bignoniaceae
Tribus: Tecomeae
Genus: Markhamia
Species: Markhamia lutea

Markhamia lutea (Benth.) K.Schum., 1895

Spathodea lutea Benth. in W.J.Hooker, Niger Fl.: 461 (1849).
Muenteria lutea (Benth.) Seem., J. Bot. 8: 211 (1870).
Dolichandrone lutea (Benth.) Benth. & Hook.f. ex B.D.Jacks., Index Kew. 1: 785 (1893).
Dolichandrone hildebrandtii Baker, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1894: 31 (1894).
Dolichandrone platycalyx Baker, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1894: 30 (1894).
Markhamia hildebrandtii (Baker) Sprague, Hooker's Icon. Pl. 28: t. 2800 (1905).
Markhamia platycalyx (Baker) Sprague, Hooker's Icon. Pl. 28: t. 2800 (1905).

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Africa
Regional: Tropical Africa
Ghana, Ivory Coast, Nigeria, Togo, Burundi, Central African Republic, Cameroon, Congo (Brazzaville), Gabon, Bioko Isl. (Fernando Poo), Rwanda, D.R. Congo (Zaire), South Sudan, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

Schumann, K.M. in H. G. A. Engler & K. A. E. Prantl, 1895. Nat. Pflanzenfam. 4(3b):242.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2019. Markhamia lutea in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2019 May 01. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2019. Markhamia lutea. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2019. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: 2019 May 01. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Markhamia lutea. Published online. Accessed: May 01 2019.
The Plant List 2013. Markhamia lutea in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published online. Accessed: 2019 May 01. 2019. Markhamia lutea. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 01 May 2019.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Markhamia lutea in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 07-Oct-06.

Vernacular names
Deutsch: Gelber Trompetenbaum
English: Nile tulip, Nile trumpet, siala tree
français: Markhamia
luo: Siala

Markhamia lutea, the Nile tulip, Nile trumpet or siala tree is a tree species of the family Bignoniaceae,[2] native to eastern Africa and cultivated for its large bright yellow flowers. It is related to the African tulip tree. Native to Africa, Markhamia was named in the honour of Clements Markham (1830-1916), who worked in India. An evergreen small tree that grows to 4–5 m in height outside of native zones, although it can reach more than 10 m in its zones of origin. Leaves, of 20–30 cm in length, normally arranged in groups in the ends of the branches. Flowers in terminal clusters. They are trumpet shaped, yellow in colour, with orange-reddish spots in the throat. They measure 5–6 cm in length. Fruit is a capsule, of up to 70 cm in length, with abundant winged seeds. It is propagated by seeds.

Botanic Gardens Conservation International (BGCI).; IUCN SSC Global Tree Specialist Group (2019). "Markhamia lutea". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2019: e.T144259403A149036077. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2019-2.RLTS.T144259403A149036077.en. Retrieved 18 November 2021.

"Identifying Indian Trees". Retrieved 2021-07-26.


African Union (2010-03-02), List of Countries which have Signed, Ratified/Adhered (PDF), archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-09-02

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