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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Celastrales

Familia: Celastraceae
Genus: Maytenus
Species Sensu Biral et al., (2017) & Hassler, (2019): M. alaternoides – M. andicola – M. angustifolia – M. boaria – M. boarioides – M. cajalbanica – M. calzadae – M. cardenasii – M. chubutensis – M. conferta – M. coriacea – M. cuezzoi – M. curranii – M. disticha – M. durifolia – M. ekmaniana – M. erythrocarpa – M. grisea – M. guatemalensis – M. guianensis – M. guyanensis – M. itatiaiae – M. jamesonii – M. jelskii – M. laxiflora – M. longipes – M. macrodonta – M. magellanica – M. mayana – M. mornicola – M. parvifolia – M. pavonii – M. prunifolia – M. pseudoboaria – M. repanda – M. reynosioides – M. robustoides – M. salicifolia – M. scutioides – M. suboppositifolia – M. tunarina – M. verticillata – M. vexata – M. woodsonii

Species Sensu Govaerts et al. (2019): M. abbottii – M. acanthophylla – M. acuminata – M. agostinii – M. alaternoides – M. albata – M. amazonica – M. angolensis – M. apiculata – M. apurimacensis – M. aquifolium – M. ardisiifolia – M. basidentata – M. belizensis – M. boaria – M. boarioides – M. brasiliensis – M. buxifolia – M. cajalbanica – M. calzadae – M. cassineformis – M. cassinoides – M. catingarum – M. cestrifolia – M. chapadensis – M. chasei – M. chiapensis – M. chubutensis – M. clarendonensis – M. cochlearifolia – M. communis – M. comocladiiformis – M. conferta – M. cordata – M. corei – M. coriacea – M. crassipes – M. curranii – M. cuzcoina – M. cymosa – M. dasyclados – M. disticha – M. distichophylla – M. domingensis – M. duqueana – M. durifolia – M. ebenifolia – M. eggersii – M. elaeodendroides – M. elongata – M. erythroxylon – M. evonymoides – M. ficiformis – M. flagellata – M. floribunda – M. fugax – M. glaucescens – M. gonoclada – M. grenadensis – M. grisea – M. guatemalensis – M. guyanensis – M. haitiensis – M. harrisii – M. horrida – M. hotteana – M. huberi – M. ilicifolia – M. imbricata – M. inflata – M. insculpta – M. itatiaiae – M. jamaicensis – M. jamesonii – M. jefeana – M. jelskii – M. kanukuensis – M. karstenii – M. krukovii – M. laevigata – M. laevis – M. laurina – M. laxiflora – M. lineata – M. listeri – M. littoralis – M. loeseneri – M. longifolia – M. longistipitata – M. lucayana – M. lucida – M. macrocarpa – M. macrodonta – M. macrophylla – M. maestrensis – M. magellanica – M. manabiensis – M. matudae – M. mayana – M. megalocarpa – M. meguillensis – M. meridensis – M. microcarpa – M. microphylla – M. monodii – M. monticola – M. mornicola – M. mucugensis – M. myrsinoides – M. neblinae – M. nitida – M. oblongata – M. obtusifolia – M. ocoensis – M. oleoides – M. oleosa – M. opaca – M. orbicularis – M. parvifolia – M. patens – M. pavonii – M. peduncularis – M. peruana – M. phyllanthoides – M. pittieriana – M. planifolia – M. ponceana – M. procumbens – M. pruinosa – M. prunifolia – M. psammophila – M. pseudoboaria – M. purpusii – M. pustulata – M. quadrangulata – M. radlkoferiana – M. recondita – M. reflexa – M. repanda – M. retusa – M. revoluta – M. reynosioides – M. rigida – M. robustoides – M. rupestris – M. salicifolia – M. samydiformis – M. sapotiformis – M. saxicola – M. schippii – M. schumanniana – M. segoviarum – M. serpentini – M. sieberiana – M. spinosa – M. splendens – M. sprucei – M. stipitata – M. subalata – M. suboppositifolia – M. tetragona – M. theoides – M. tikalensis – M. trianae – M. truncata – M. tunarina – M. umbellata – M. undata – M. urbaniana – M. urbanii – M. urquiolae – M. versluysii – M. verticillata – M. vexata – M. virens – M. viscifolia – M. vitis-idaea – M. wendtii – M. williamsii – M. woodsonii

Maytenus Molina, Sag. Stor. Nat. Chili 177, 349. (1782)

Type species: Maytenus boaria Molina, Sag. Stor. Nat. Chili 177. (1782)


Boaria A.DC.
Euthalis Banks & Sol. ex Hook.f.

Note: There are two conflicting taxonomic opinions for this genus, which are summarised by Govaerts et al. (2019) c.f. Hassler (2019) & Biral et al. (2017). See the expanded Monteverdia A.Rich., Hist. Phys. Cuba, Pl. Vasc. 346. (1845).

Molina, J.I. 1782. Saggio sulla storia naturale de Chili. Stamperia di S. Tomaso d'Aquino: Bologna. 367 pp. Reference page. First availability p.177 p.349

Additional references

Biral, L., Simmons, M.P., Smidt, E.C., Tembrock, L.R., Bolson, M., Archer, R.H. & Lombardi, J.A. 2017. Systematics of New World Maytenus (Celastraceae) and a New Delimitation of the Genus. Systematic Botany 42(4): 680-693. DOI: 10.1600/036364417X696456 Paywall. PDF Reference page.
Groppo, M., Simmons, M.P., Cappa, J.J., Biral, L. & Lombardi, J.A. 2014. A new species of Maytenus (Celastraceae) with fleshy fruits from eastern Brazil, with notes on the delimitation of Maytenus. Systematic Botany 39(2): 478–484. DOI: 10.1600/036364414X680726 PDF Reference page.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2019. Maytenus in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 Oct. 1. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2019. Maytenus. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2019. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 Oct. 1. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Maytenus. Published online. Accessed: Oct. 1 2019. 2019. Maytenus. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 Oct. 2.

Vernacular names
suomi: Kelastit

Maytenus /ˈmeɪtɛnəs/[2] is a genus of flowering plants in the family Celastraceae. Members of the genus are distributed throughout Central and South America, Southeast Asia, Micronesia and Australasia, the Indian Ocean and Africa. They grow in a very wide variety of climates, from tropical to subpolar. In 2017, a taxonomic review moved 123 species of Maytenus to a new genus, called Monteverdia.

Selected species

Maytenus abbottii A.E.van Wyk
Maytenus acuminata (L.f.) Loes.
Maytenus addat (Loes.) Sebsebe
Maytenus aquifolia Mart.
Maytenus austroyunnanensis S.J. Pei & Y.H. Li
Maytenus bilocularis (F.Muell.) Loes. – Orangebark[3]
Maytenus boaria Molina
Maytenus canariensis (Loes.) G. Kunkel & Sunding
Maytenus clarendonensis Britton
Maytenus crassipes Urb.
Maytenus cunninghamii (Hook.) Loes. – Koonkara[3]
Maytenus curtissii (King) Ding Hou
Maytenus cymosa Krug & Urban – Caribbean mayten
Maytenus dhofarensis Sebsebe
Maytenus disperma (F.Muell.) Loes.[3]
Maytenus eggersii Loes.
Maytenus elongata (Urban) Britt. – Puerto Rico mayten
Maytenus fasciculiflora Jessup[3]
Maytenus ferdinandi Jessup[3]
Maytenus harenensis Sebsebe
Maytenus harrisii Krug & Urb.
Maytenus hookeri Loes.
Maytenus ilicifolia Mart. ex Reissek
Maytenus jamesonii Briq.
Maytenus jefeana Lundell
Maytenus krukovii A.C.Sm.
Maytenus laevigata (Vahl) Griseb. ex Eggers – White cinnamon
Maytenus laevis Reissek
Maytenus lucidus
Maytenus macrocarpa (Ruiz & Pav.) Briq.
Maytenus magellanica (Lam.) Hook.f.
Maytenus manabiensis Loes.
Maytenus matudae Lundell
Maytenus microcarpa Fawc. & Rendle
Maytenus octogona
Maytenus obtusifolia
Maytenus oleoides Loes.
Maytenus oleosa A.E.van Wyk & R.H.Archer
Maytenus ponceana Britt.
Maytenus phyllanthoides Benth. – Florida mayten, guttapercha mayten
Maytenus procumbens (L.f.) Loes.
Maytenus quadrangulata (Schrad.) Loes.
Maytenus reynosioides Urb.
Maytenus robusta Reissek
Maytenus silvestris Lander & L.A.S.Johnson – Narrow-leaved orangebark, orange bark, orange bush[3]
Maytenus stipitata Lundell
Maytenus undata (Thunb.) Blakelock
Maytenus vitis-idaea – Indian's salt
Maytenus williamsii A.Molina[4][5]

Undescribed species:

Maytenus sp. nov. A Miller (Yemen)

Formerly placed here

Gymnosporia diversifolia Maxim. (as M. diversifolia (Maxim.) Ding Hou)
Gymnosporia heterophylla (Eckl. & Zeyh.) Loes. (as M. heterophylla (Eckl. & Zeyh.) N. Robson)
Gymnosporia nemorosa (Eckl. & Zeyh.) Szyszyl. (as M. nemorosa (Eckl. & Zeyh.) Marais)
Gymnosporia rothiana (Walp.) Wight & Arn. ex M.A.Lawson (as M. rothiana (Walp.) Lobr.-Callen)
Gymnosporia royleana Wall. ex M.A.Lawson (as M. royleana (Wall. ex M. A. Lawson) Cufod.)
Gymnosporia senegalensis (Lam.) Loes. (as M. senegalensis (Lam.) Exell)
Gymnosporia thomsonii Kurz (as M. thomsonii (Kurz) V.S.Raju & Babu)[4]

Cultivation and uses

Maytenus boaria and Maytenus magellanica are the most known species in Europe and the United States because these are the most cold-tolerant trees of this mostly tropical genus. The bark of Maytenus krukovii has a variety of documented medicinal properties; it is also sometimes admixed into decoctions of ayahuasca.

"Genus: Maytenus Molina". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2005-02-08. Retrieved 2010-08-31.
Sunset Western Garden Book, 1995:606–607
"Maytenus". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), IBIS database. Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government, Canberra. Retrieved 2009-02-02.
"GRIN Species Records of Maytenus". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2010-08-31.

"Maytenus". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 31 August 2010.

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