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Melocactus conoideus

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Ordo: Caryophyllales

Familia: Cactaceae
Subfamilia: Cactoideae
Tribus: Cereeae
Subtribus: Cereinae
Genus: Melocactus
Species: Melocactus conoideus

Melocactus conoideus Buining & Brederoo, 1973
Native distribution areas:

Continental: Southern America
Regional: Brazil
NE-Brazil (Bahia); SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais)

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Primary references

Buining, A.F.H. & Brederoo, A.J., 1973. Die Kakteen 52: CVId.

Additional references

Taylor, N.P. & Zappi, D. (2004). Cacti of Eastern Brazil. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London.
Korotkova, N., Aquino, D., Arias, S., Eggli, U., Franck, A. , Gómez-Hinostrosa, C., Guerrero, P.C., Hernández, H.M., Kohlbecker, A., Köhler, M., Luther, K., Majure, L.C., Müller, A., Metzing, D., Nyffeler, R., Sánchez, D., Schlumpberger, B. & Berendsohn, W.G. 2021. Cactaceae at Caryophyllales. org–a dynamic online species-level taxonomic backbone for the family. Willdenowia 51(2): 251–270. DOI: 10.3372/wi.51.51208 Open access Reference page.


Korotkova, N. et al. 2021. Melocactus conoideus in Cactaceae at A global synthesis of species diversity in the angiosperm order Caryophyllales. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Nov 29. Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Melocactus conoideus in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Apr 03. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2021. Melocactus conoideus. Published online. Accessed: Apr 03 2021. 2021. Melocactus conoideus. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Apr 03.
Hassler, M. 2021. Melocactus conoideus. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2021. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Apr 03. Reference page.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Melocactus conoideus in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 09-Oct-10.
IUCN: Melocactus conoideus Buining & Brederoo (Critically Endangered)
[1] Listed plant in CITES Appendix I

Vernacular names
English: Cone-like Turk´s-head Cactus
suomi: Kupumelonikaktus
português: Cabeça-de-frade-do-Periperi
Tiếng Việt: Xương rồng nón
中文: 錐形梅洛仙人掌

Melocactus conoideus is a species of plant in the family Cactaceae. It is endemic to Brazil. Its natural habitat is dry savanna. It is threatened by habitat loss.

Machado, M.; Taylor, N.P.; Braun, P.; Zappi, D. (2013). "Melocactus conoideus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2013: e.T40914A2943248. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2013-1.RLTS.T40914A2943248.en. Retrieved 17 November 2021.
"Appendices | CITES". Retrieved 2022-01-14.

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