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Melocactus violaceus

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Ordo: Caryophyllales

Familia: Cactaceae
Subfamilia: Cactoideae
Tribus: Cereeae
Subtribus: Cereinae
Genus: Melocactus
Species: Melocactus violaceus
Subspecies: M. v. subsp. margaritaceus – M. v. subsp. ritteri – M. v. subsp. violaceus

Melocactus violaceus Pfeiff., 1835

Cactus depressus (Aiton) Borg
Cactus melocactoides Hoffmanns.
Cactus melocactus var. depressus Aiton
Cactus meonacanthus Lem. ex Steud.
Cereus meonacanthus Link & Otto ex Steud.
Echinocactus melocactoides Lem.
Echinocactus meonacanthus Link & Otto
Melocactus depressus (Aiton) Hook.
Melocactus gardenerianus J.R.Booth ex C.F.Först.
Melocactus goniodacanthus Lem.
Melocactus melocactoides (Hoffmanns.) DC.
Melocactus melocactoides f. capensis Rizzini
Melocactus melocactoides f. civitatis Rizzini
Melocactus melocactoides f. exsanguis Rizzini
Melocactus melocactoides var. itaipuassuensis Rizzini
Melocactus melocactoides var. natalensis Rizzini
Melocactus melocactoides f. perspinosus Rizzini
Melocactus melocactoides f. sanctaritae Rizzini
Melocactus parthonii Miq.
Melocactus violaceus subsp. natalensis P.J.Braun & Esteves

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Southern America
Regional: Brazil
Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Primary references

Pfeiffer, L.K.G., 1835. Allgemeine Gartenzeitung 3:313.
Korotkova, N., Aquino, D., Arias, S., Eggli, U., Franck, A. , Gómez-Hinostrosa, C., Guerrero, P.C., Hernández, H.M., Kohlbecker, A., Köhler, M., Luther, K., Majure, L.C., Müller, A., Metzing, D., Nyffeler, R., Sánchez, D., Schlumpberger, B. & Berendsohn, W.G. 2021. Cactaceae at Caryophyllales. org–a dynamic online species-level taxonomic backbone for the family. Willdenowia 51(2): 251–270. DOI: 10.3372/wi.51.51208 Open access Reference page.


Korotkova, N. et al. 2021. Melocactus violaceus in Cactaceae at A global synthesis of species diversity in the angiosperm order Caryophyllales. Published online. Accessed: 2021 Nov 30. Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Melocactus violaceus in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2021 Apr 05. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2021. Melocactus violaceus. Published online. Accessed: Apr 05 2021. 2021. Melocactus violaceus. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 05 Apr 2021.
Hassler, M. 2021. Melocactus violaceus. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2021. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: 2021 Apr 05. Reference page.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Melocactus violaceus in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 09-Oct-10.
IUCN: Melocactus violaceus Pfeiff. (Vulnerable)

Vernacular names

Melocactus violaceus is a species of plant in the family Cactaceae. It is endemic to Brazil. Its natural habitats are dry savanna and sandy shores. It is threatened by habitat loss.[1]

Braun, P.; Machado, M.; Taylor, N.P.; Zappi, D. (2017). "Melocactus violaceus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2017: e.T40925A121501259.

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