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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Gentianales

Familia: Apocynaceae
Subfamilia: Rauvolfioideae
Tribus: Melodineae
Genus: Melodinus
Species: M. acutiflorus – M. aeneus – M. angustifolius – M. australis – M. axillaris – M. balansae – M. baueri – M. cambodiensis – M. cochinchinensis – M. cumingii – M. densestriatus – M. erianthus – M. forbesii – M. fusiformis – M. glaber – M. honbaensis – M. insularis – M. orientalis – M. philippinensis – M. philliraeoides – M. reticulatus – M. scandens – M. tenuicaudatus – M. vitiensis
Name

Melodinus J.R.Forst. & G.Forst., Char. Gen. Pl.: 37 (1776)

Type species: Melodinus scandens J.R.Forst. & G.Forst., Char. Gen. Pl.: 38 (1776)

Synonyms

Heterotypic
Oncinus Lour., Fl. Cochinch.: 123 (1790)
Echaltium Wight, Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient. 2: 4, t. 472 (1841)
Bicorona A.DC. in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 8: 330 (1844)
Lycimnia Hance in W.G.Walpers, Ann. Bot. Syst. 3: 30 (1852)
Rhytileucoma F.Muell., Fragm. 2: 90 (1860)
Neowollastonia Wernham ex Ridl., Hooker's Icon. Pl. 31: t. 3060 (1916)
Clitandropsis S.Moore, J. Bot. 61(Suppl.): 31 (1923)
Pseudo-willughbeia Markgr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 61: 174 (1927)
Trichostomanthemum Domin, Biblioth. Bot. 89: 520 (1928)

References

Forster, J.R. & Forster, J.G.A. 1776. Characteres Generum Plantarum 37, pl. 19.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2017. Melodinus in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2017 Oct. 18. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2017. Melodinus. Published online. Accessed: Oct. 18 2017.
Tropicos.org 2017. Melodinus. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2017 Oct. 18.

Melodinus is a genus of plant in the family Apocynaceae, first described as a genus in 1776. It is native to Indomalaya, Meganesia and various islands in the western Pacific.[1][2] A type of monoterpenoid indole alkaloids called melodinines can be isolated from Melodinus plants.[3]
Species

Accepted species include:[1]
Friut of Melodinus suaveolens

Melodinus acutiflorus F.Muell. - Papua New Guinea, Queensland, New South Wales
Melodinus aeneus Baill. - New Caledonia
Melodinus angustifolius Hayata - Taiwan, N Vietnam
Melodinus australis (F.Muell.) Pierre - New Guinea, Queensland, New South Wales, Northern Territory, Solomon Islands, Bismarck Archipelago, Vanuatu
Melodinus axillaris W.T.Wang - Yunnan
Melodinus balansae Baill. - New Caledonia
Melodinus baueri Endl. - E Kalimantan, Papua New Guinea, Norfolk Island
Melodinus cochinchinensis (Lour.) Merr. - Indochina, W Malaysia, E Himalayas (Assam, Bhutan, Bangladesh, etc.), Yunnan
Melodinus cumingii A.DC. - Philippines
Melodinus densistriatus Markgr. - New Guinea
Melodinus forbesii Fawc. - Bali, Lombok, Timor, Flores, Maluku, Sulawesi, New Guinea
Melodinus fusiformis Champ. ex Benth. - China (Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou), Indochina, Luzon
Melodinus glaber Turrill - Vanuatu, Fiji
Melodinus honbaensis A.Chev. ex Pit. - S Vietnam
Melodinus insularis (Markgr.) Fosberg - Palau
Melodinus orientalis Blume - Thailand, W Malaysia, Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Islands, Sumatra, Sulawesi, Philippines
Melodinus philippensis A.DC. - Mindoro
Melodinus philliraeoides Labill. - New Caledonia
Melodinus reticulatus Boiteau - New Caledonia
Melodinus scandens J.R.Forst. & G.Forst. - New Caledonia
Melodinus suaveolens (Hance) Champ. ex Benth. - Guangdong, Hong Kong, Hainan, Guangxi, Vietnam
Melodinus tenuicaudatus Tsiang & P.T.Li - Yunnan, Guizhou, Guangxi
Melodinus vitiensis Rolfe - Loyalty Islands, Fiji, Tonga, Samoa, Vanuatu

References

"World Checklist of Selected Plant Families". Retrieved May 18, 2014.
Flora of China Vol. 16 Page 147 山橙属 shan chen shu Melodinus J. R. & G. Forster, Char. Gen. Pl. 37, t. 19. 1776.
Feng, T; Cai, XH; Liu, YP; Li, Y; Wang, YY; Luo, XD (2010). "Melodinines A-G, monoterpenoid indole alkaloids from Melodinus henryi". J Nat Prod. 73: 22–6. doi:10.1021/np900595v. PMID 20041704.

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