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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Ordo: Caryophyllales

Familia: Nyctaginaceae
Tribus: Nyctagineae
Genus: Mirabilis
Sectiones: M. sect. Mirabilis – M. sect. Mirabilopsis – M. sect. Oxybaphoides – M. sect. Oxybaphus – M. sect. Quamoclidion

Species: M. acuta – M. aggregata – M. albida – M. alipes – M. austrotexana – M. bracteosa – M. campanulata – M. coccinea – M. comata – M. cordifolia – M. decipiens – M. donahooana – M. elegans – M. expansa – M. exserta – M. gigantea – M. glabra – M. glabrifolia – M. glutinosa – M. gracilis – M. grandiflora – M. greenei – M. himalaica – M. hintoniorum – M. hirsuta – M. intercedens – M. jalapaM. laevis – M. latifolia – M. linearis – M. longiflora – M. longipes – M. macfarlanei – M. melanotricha – M. muelleri – M. multiflora – M. nesomii – M. nyctaginea – M. oaxacae – M. oligantha – M. ovata – M. oxybaphoides – M. polonii – M. pringlei – M. prostrata – M. pudica – M. pulchella – M. pumila – M. rotundifolia – M. russellii – M. sanguinea – M. suffruticosa – M. tenuiloba – M. texensis – M. triflora – M. trollii – M. urbanii – M. violacea – M. viscosa – M. watsoniana – M. weberbaueri


Mirabilis L., Sp. Pl. 1: 177 (1753)

Typus: Mirabilis jalapa L., Sp. Pl. 1: 177 (1753)


Jalapa Mill., Gard. Dict. Abr. ed. 4. (1754)
Nyctago Juss., Gen. 90. (1789)
Admirabilis Nieuwl., Amer. Midl. Naturalist 3: 280. (1914)
Calyxhymenia Ortega, Nov. Rar. Pl. Matrit. 5. (1797)
Oxybaphus L'Hér. ex Willd., Sp. Pl. 1: 170, 185. (1797)
Quamoclidion Choisy, Prodr. 13(2): 429. (1849)
Hermidium S.Watson, U.S. Geol. Explor. 40th Parallel, Bot. 286. (1871)
Allioniella Rydb., Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 29: 687. (1902)
Hesperonia Standl., Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 12: 306, 360. (1909)


Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum. Tomus I: 177. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2017. Mirabilis. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2017. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: 2017 May 12. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2009. Mirabilis. Published online. Accessed: 31 January 2009. 2017. Mirabilis. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 12 May 2017.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Mirabilis in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service.

Vernacular names
Deutsch: Wunderblumen
English: Four o'Clocks
suomi: Ihmekukat
polski: Dziwaczek
svenska: Underblomssläktet

Mirabilis is a genus of plants in the family Nyctaginaceae known as the four-o'clocks or umbrellaworts.[2] The best known species may be Mirabilis jalapa, the plant most commonly called four o'clock.

There are several dozen species in the genus, of herbaceous plants, mostly found in the Americas. Some form tuberous roots that enable them to perennate through dry and cool seasons. They have small, often fragrant, deep-throated flowers.

Although best known as ornamental plants, at least one species, mauka (M. expansa), is grown for food.
Selected species

Mirabilis albida (Walter) Heimerl
Mirabilis alipes (S.Watson) Pilz
Mirabilis coccinea (Torr.) Benth. & Hook.f.
Mirabilis elegans (Choisy) Heimerl
Mirabilis expansa (Ruiz & Pav.) Standl.
Mirabilis greenei S.Watson
Mirabilis himalaica (Edgew.) Heimerl
Mirabilis himalaica var. chinensis Heimerl
Mirabilis himalaica var. himalaica
Mirabilis jalapa L.
Mirabilis laevis (Benth.) Curran
Mirabilis laevis var. crassifolia (Choisy) Spellenb.
Mirabilis laevis var. laevis
Mirabilis laevis var. retrorsa (A.Heller) Jeps.
Mirabilis laevis var. villosa (Kellogg) Spellenb.
Mirabilis linearis (Pursh) Heimerl
Mirabilis linearis var. decipiens (Standl.) S.L.Welsh
Mirabilis linearis var. linearis
Mirabilis linearis var. subhispida (Heimerl) Spellenb.
Mirabilis longiflora L.
Mirabilis macfarlanei Constance & Rollins
Mirabilis multiflora (Torr.) A.Gray
Mirabilis nyctaginea (Michx.) MacMill.
Mirabilis oblongifolia
Mirabilis oxybaphoides (A.Gray) A.Gray
Mirabilis pumila
Mirabilis rotundifolia (Greene) Standl.
Mirabilis tenuiloba
Mirabilis viscosa Cav.[3]


"Genus: Mirabilis L". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2010-07-07. Archived from the original on 2009-01-15. Retrieved 2012-11-28.
Yatskievych, George (2013). Steyermark's Flora of Missouri: Volume 3. St. Louis: Missouri Botanical Garden Press. p. 482. ISBN 978-0-915279-13-5.
"GRIN Species Records of Mirabilis". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Archived from the original on 2000-12-12. Retrieved 2012-11-28.

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