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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Ordo: Ericales

Familia: Ericaceae
Subfamilia: Monotropoideae
Tribus: Monotropeae
Genus: Monotropsis
Species: M. odorata

Monotropsis Schwein., 1817

Type species: Monotropsis odorata Schwein. ex Elliott.

Primary references

Schweinitz, L.D. von, 1817. Sketch Bot. S. Carolina [Elliott] 1(5): 478 (-479).


Hassler, M. 2020. Monotropsis. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2020. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: 2020 May 22. Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Monotropsis in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2020 May 22. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2020. Monotropsis. Published online. Accessed: May 22 2020. 2020. Monotropsis. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 22 May 2020.

Vernacular names
русский: Монотропсис

Monotropsis is a monotypic genus of plants containing the single species Monotropsis odorata, also known as sweet pinesap or pygmy pipes. It is a member of the subfamily Monotropoideae of the family Ericaceae. It is native to the Appalachian Mountains in the south-eastern United States, and is viewed as being uncommon throughout its range.

Like all members of the subfamily, Monotropsis odorata does not contain chlorophyll; it is a myco-heterotroph, getting its food through parasitism upon fungi rather than photosynthesis. These fungi form a mycorrhiza with nearby tree species.

Monotropsis odorata has a sweet smell which has been likened to nutmeg, cinnamon or violets.

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