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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamilia: Amaryllidoideae
Tribus: Narcisseae
Genera: Narcissus - Sternbergia

Narcisseae Lam. & DC., Syn. Pl. Fl. Gall. 165 (1806).

Meerow, A.W., Francisco-Ortega, J., Kuhn, D.N. & Schnell, R.J. 2006. Phylogenetic relationships and biogeography within the Eurasian clade of Amaryllidaceae based on plastid ndhF and nrDNA ITS sequences: lineage sorting in a reticulate area? Systematic Botany 31(1): 42–60. DOI: 10.1600/036364406775971787 PDF Reference page.
Amaryllidaceae Narcisseae.

Narcisseae is a small tribe of plants belonging to the subfamily Amaryllidoideae of the Amaryllis family (Amaryllidaceae), where it forms part of the Eurasian clade, and is one of three tribes in the European (Mediterranean) clade. It contains two genera (Narcissus and Sternbergia) and approximately 58 species, but probably also Lapiedra. The two genera are distinguished from each other by the presence of a paraperigonium in the former.


Characterised by a solid scape and spathaceous bracts fused into a floral tube (basally connate).[1]

The placement of Narcisseae within subfamily Amaryllidoideae is shown in the following cladogram, which demonstrates a sister group relationship with Pancratieae:[2]

Cladogram: Tribes of subfamily Amaryllidoideae

Subfamily Amaryllidoideae

Tribe Amaryllideae


Tribe Cyrtantheae


Tribe Haemantheae


Tribe Calostemmateae

Eurasian clade

Tribe Lycorideae


Tribe Galantheae

Tribe Pancratieae

Tribe Narcisseae

American clade
Hippeastroid clade

Tribe Griffineae

Tribe Hippeastreae

Andean clade

Tribe Eustephieae

Tribe Eucharideae/Stenomesseae

Tribe Clinantheae

Tribe Hymenocallideae



Narcissus L.
Sternbergia Waldst. & Kitaibel
(Lapiedra Lag.)


Western Mediterranean, extending east along the Silk Road to Asia Minor, Kashmir, China and Japan.[1]

Meerow & Snijman 1998.

Meerow et al 2006a.


Stevens, P.F. (2016) [2001], Angiosperm Phylogeny Website, Missouri Botanical Gardens, retrieved 7 February 2016
Gage, Ewan; Wilkin, Paul; Chase, Mark W.; Hawkins, Julie (June 2011). "Phylogenetic systematics of Sternbergia (Amaryllidaceae) based on plastid and ITS sequence data". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 166 (2): 149–162. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2011.01138.x.
Kubitzki, K., ed. (1998). The families and genera of vascular plants. Vol.3. Berlin, Germany: Springer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-540-64060-8. Retrieved 14 January 2014.
Meerow, AW; Snijman, DA (1998). Flowering Plants · Monocotyledons. pp. 83–110. doi:10.1007/978-3-662-03533-7_11. ISBN 978-3-642-08377-8., in Kubitzki (1998). (additional excerpts)
Meerow, A.W.; Fay, M.F.; Guy, C.L.; Li, Q.-B.; Zaman, F.Q.; Chase, M.W. (1999). "Systematics of Amaryllidaceae based on cladistic analysis of plastid rbcL and trnL-F sequence data". Am. J. Bot. 86 (9): 1325–1345. doi:10.2307/2656780. JSTOR 2656780. PMID 10487820.
Meerow, AW; Francisco-Ortega, J; Schnell, RJ (2006). "Phylogenetic relationships and biogeography within the Eurasian clade of Amaryllidaceae based on plastid ndhF and nrDNA ITS sequences: lineage sorting in a reticulate area?". Systematic Botany. 31 (1): 42–60. doi:10.1600/036364406775971787. JSTOR 25064128. S2CID 85953035. Full text
Meerow, Alan W.; Snijman, Deirdre A. (2006). "The never-ending story: multigene approaches to the phylogeny of Amaryllidaceae". Aliso. 22: 355–366. doi:10.5642/aliso.20062201.29. Retrieved 25 January 2015.
"Amaryllidaceae: A taxonomic tool for the Amaryllidaceae of the world". eMonocot. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2016-02-25.

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