Fine Art

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Gentianales

Familia: Rubiaceae
Subfamilia: Cinchonoideae
Tribus: Naucleeae
Genus: Nauclea
Species: N. diderrichii – N. gilletii – N. latifolia – N. nyasica – N. officinalis – N. orientalis – N. parva – N. pobeguinii – N. robinsonii – N. subdita – N. tenuiflora – N. vanderguchtii – N. xanthoxylon

Nauclea L., Sp. Pl., ed. 2. 1: 243. (1762)

Type species: Nauclea orientalis (L.) L., Sp. Pl., ed. 2. 1: 243. (1762)


Platanocephalus Vaill. ex Crantz, Inst. Rei Herb. 1: 349. (1766)
Sarcocephalus Afzel. ex R.Br. in J.H.Tuckey, Narr. Exped. Zaire, App. 5: 467. (1818)
Cephalina Thonn. in H.C.F.Schumacher, Beskr. Guin. Pl.: 105. (1827)
Platanocarpum Korth., Observ. Naucl. Indic.: 18. (1839)
Bancalus Rumph. ex Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 276. (1891)
Burttdavya Hoyle, Hooker's Icon. Pl. 34: t. 3318. (1936)


Linnaeus, C. 1762. Species Plantarum, ed. 2, Tomus I: 243. Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2019. Nauclea in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 Mar. 17. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Nauclea. Published online. Accessed: Mar. 17 2019.
Löfstrand, S.D., Krüger, Å., Razafimandimbison, S.G. & Bremer, B. 2014. Phylogeny and generic delimitations in the sister tribes Hymenodictyeae and Naucleeae (Rubiaceae). Systematic Botany 39(1): 304-315. DOI: 10.1600/036364414X678116 Reference page.

Nauclea is a genus of flowering plants in the family Rubiaceae. The species are evergreen trees or shrubs that are native to the paleotropics.[1] The terminal vegetative buds are usually strongly flattened.[2] The generic name is derived from the Ancient Greek words naus, meaning "ship" and kleio, meaning "to close".[3] It refers to the resemblance of the cells of the capsule to a ship's hull.[4]

Cultivation and use

Nauclea diderrichii is a large tree from West Africa that is widely cultivated elsewhere.[5] Its wood is resistant to borers and is used around harbors and in other places where wood is in constant contact with water.[1]

Nauclea is a member of the tribe Naucleeae and is sister to a clade consisting of Burttdavya and Sarcocephalus.[6] The current type species for the genus is Nauclea orientalis. Linnaeus originally named it Cephalanthus orientalis in the first edition of Species Plantarum but transferred it to Nauclea when he erected that genus in the second edition in 1762.[7]

Nauclea diderrichii (De Wild.) Merr.
Nauclea gageana (King)
Nauclea gilletii (De Wild.) Merr.
Nauclea latifolia Smith
Nauclea officinalis (Pierre ex Pit.) Merr. & Chun
Nauclea orientalis (L.) L. - Common names: Kanluang, Bangkal, Leichhardt Tree, Cheesewood, Yellow Cheesewood, Canary Cheesewood
Nauclea parva (Havil.) Merr.
Nauclea robinsonii Merr.
Nauclea subdita (Korth.) Steud. - Common names: Bongkol, Bulubangkal
Nauclea tenuiflora (Havil.) Merr.
Nauclea vanderguchtii (De Wild.) E.M.A.Petit
Nauclea xanthoxylon (A.Chev.) Aubrév.


Mabberley DJ (2008). Mabberley's Plant Book (3 ed.). Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-82071-4.
Ridsdale CE (1978). "A revision of the tribe Naucleeae s.s. (Rubiaceae)". Blumea. 24 (2): 325–331.
Quattrocchi U (2000). CRC World Dictionary of Plant Names. 3. Baton Rouge, New York, London, Washington DC: CRC Press. ISBN 978-0-8493-2673-8.
Huxley AJ (1992). Huxley AJ; Griffiths M; Levy M (eds.). The New Royal Horticultural Society Dictionary of Gardening. London: The Macmillan Press Limited. ISBN 978-0-333-47494-5.
Staples GW, Herbst DR (2005). A Tropical Garden Flora. Honolulu: Bishop Museum Press.
Manns U, Bremer B; Bremer (2010). "Towards a better understanding of intertribal relationships and stable tribal delimitations within Cinchonoideae s.s. (Rubiaceae)" (PDF). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 56 (1): 21–39. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2010.04.002. PMID 20382247.
Carolus Linnaeus. 1762. Species Plantarum 2nd edition. (Species plantarum : exhibentes plantas rite cognitas ad genera relatas, cum diferentiis specificis, nominibus trivialibus, synonymis selectis, locis natalibus, secundum systema sexuale digestas / Caroli Linnæe.): 1:243. Holmiae: Impensis Laurentii Salvii: Stockholm, Sweden.

Plants, Fine Art Prints

Plants Images

Biology Encyclopedia

Retrieved from ""
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

Home - Hellenica World