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Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Magnoliophyta
Classis: Magnoliopsida
Ordo: Lamiales
Familia: Oleaceae
Tribus: Oleeae
Genus: Olea
Species: O. ambrensis - O. borneensis - O. brachiata - O. capensis - O. caudatilimba - O. chimanimani - O. cordatula - O. dioica - O. europaea - O. exasperata - O. gagnepainii - O. gamblei - O. guangxiensis - O. hainanensis - O. javanica - O. lancea - O. laxiflora - O. moluccensis - O. neriifolia - O. obovata - O. palawanensis - O. paniculata - O. parvilimba - O. polygama - O. rosea - O. rubrovenia - O. salicifolia - O. schliebenii - O. tetragonoclada - O. tsoongii - O. undulata - O. welwitschii - O. wightiana - O. woodiana - O. yuennanensis


Olea L.

Olea (pronounced /ˈoʊliːə/)[2] is a genus of about 20 species in the family Oleaceae, native to warm temperate and tropical regions of southern Europe, Africa, southern Asia and Australasia. They are evergreen trees and shrubs, with small, opposite, entire leaves. The fruit is a drupe.

For humans, the most important species is by far the Olive (Olea europaea), native to the Mediterranean region. O. paniculata is a larger tree, attaining a height of 15-18 m in the forests of Queensland, and yielding a hard and tough timber. The yet harder wood of the Black Ironwood O. laurifolia, an inhabitant of Natal, is important in South Africa.

Olea species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Double-striped Pug.

Selected species

* Olea brachiata (Lour.) Merr.
* Olea capensis L. – Small Ironwood
* Olea caudatilimba L.C.Chia
* Olea chrysophylla (Asia, Africa)
* Olea europaea L. – Olive
* Olea exasperata Jacq. – Dune Olive
* Olea guangxiensis
* Olea hainanensis H.L.Li
* Olea laurifolia Lam. – Black Ironwood
* Olea laxiflora H.L.Li
* Olea neriifolia
* Olea oleaster Hoffmanns. & Link (=O. europaea oleaster) – Wild-olive
* Olea paniculata R.Br.
* Olea parvilimba (Merr. & Chun) B.M.Miao
* Olea rosea Craib
* Olea salicifolia
* Olea sylvestris Wall. ex G.Don
* Olea tetragonoclada L.C.Chia
* Olea tsoongii (Merr.) P.S.Green
* Olea undulata
* Olea woodiana Knobl. – Forest Olive[3]

Formerly placed here

* Chionanthus foveolatus (E.Mey.) Stearn (as O. foveolata E.Mey.)
* Ligustrum compactum var. compactum (as O. compacta Wall. ex G.Don)
* Nestegis cunninghamii (Hook.f.) L.A.S.Johnson (as O. cunninghamii Hook.f.)
* Noronhia emarginata (Lam.) Thouars (as O. emarginata Lam.)
* Osmanthus americanus (L.) Benth. & Hook.f. ex A.Gray (as O. americana L.)
* Osmanthus heterophyllus (G. Don) P.S.Green (as O. aquifolium Siebold & Zucc. or O. ilicifolia Siebold ex Hassk.)[3]


1. ^ a b "Genus: Olea L.". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2006-04-03. Retrieved 2011-02-11.
2. ^ Sunset Western Garden Book, 1995:606–607
3. ^ a b "GRIN Species Records of Olea". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2011-02-11.

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