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Olea woodiana, KwaZulu-Natal NBT, PMB

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Lamiales

Familia: Oleaceae
Tribus: Oleeae
Subtribus: Oleinae
Genus: Olea
Subgenus: O. subg. Olea
Sectio: O. sect. Ligustroides
Species: Olea woodiana
Subspecies: O. w. subsp. disjuncta – O. w. subsp. woodiana

Olea woodiana Knobl.

Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie. Leipzig 17:532. 1893
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Olea woodiana in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 07-Oct-06.

Vernacular names
Afrikaans: Bosolienhout
English: Forest Olive
isiZulu: umNquma

Olea woodiana, known commonly as the forest olive or black ironwood (Afrikaans: Bosolienhout), is an African tree species belonging to the olive family (Oleaceae).[1]

The tree grows in lower altitude hill forests from Kenya, Tanzania, Eswatini, and South Africa.[2][3]


Olea woodiana is a medium-sized to tall tree.[4] The axillary or terminal inflorescences carry small white flowers that are fragrant.[5]

Fruit are produced from late summer.[4] They are oval-shaped and ripen to a purple black colour, when they are consumed by birds.[4]

There are two recognized subspecies:[3]

Olea woodiana subsp. disjuncta – Kenya, Tanzania
Olea woodiana subsp. woodiana – Eswatini, South Africa


"Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie". v.17 (1893). 1893.
"Olea woodiana". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 26 December 2012.
Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Olea woodiana
"Olea woodiana". Witbos inheemse kwekery. Archived from the original on 9 December 2016. Retrieved 26 December 2012.
Encyclopedia of Life treatment: ''Olea woodiana . accessed 2.2.2013

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