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Opuntia elatior

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Ordo: Caryophyllales

Familia: Cactaceae
Subfamilia: Opuntioideae
Tribus: Opuntieae
Genus: Opuntia
Series: O. ser. Tunae
Species: Opuntia tuna

Opuntia tuna (L.) Mill., Gard. Dict., ed. 8. n. 3. 1768.


Cactus tuna L., Sp. Pl. 1: 468. 1753.

Cactus elatior (Mill.) Willd., Enum. Hort. Berol. Suppl. 34. 1814.
Cactus nigricans Haw., Misc. Nat. 5: 187. 1803.
Cactus polyanthos (Haw.) Sims, Bot. Mag. 53: t. 2691. 1826.
Cactus pseudococcinellifer Bertol., Excerpta Herb. Bonon. 11. 1820.
Cactus tuna var. elatior (Mill.) Sims, Bot. Mag. 38: tab. 1557. 1813.
Cactus tuna var. nigricans (Haw.) Sims, Bot. Mag. 38: tab. 1557. 1813.
Opuntia bergeriana F.A.C.Weber ex A.Berger, Gard. Chron. ser. 3, 35:34. 1904.
Opuntia horrida Salm-Dyck ex DC., Prodr. 3: 472. 1828.
Opuntia jamaicensis Britton & Harris, Torreya 11: 130. 1911.
Opuntia nigricans (Haw.) Haw., Syn. pl. succ. 189. 1812.
Opuntia polyantha Haw., Syn. Pl. Succ. 190. 1812.
Opuntia tuna var. cubaguensis Gentry, Allan Hancock Atlantic Exped., Rep. 2, Carrib. Mar. Alg. Rep. no. 6: 11. 1948.
Opuntia tuna var. manse Orcutt, W. Amer. Sci. 7: 157. 1891.


Cactus nigricans Kuntze (1891) = Mammillaria phaeacantha Lem.

Opuntia tuna

Opuntia tuna, Photo: Michael Lahanas


Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. 2007. Opuntia tuna in Catalogue of the seed plants of the Flora of the West Indies Website. Smithsonian Institution. Accessed: 2015 Apr 23.
Miller, P. (1768) Gard. Dict., ed. 8: Opuntia no. 3.
Mottram, R. (2013) Linnaean cactus legacy. The Cactician 3: 1–83 [1].
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Opuntia tuna in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 08-Apr-12.

Vernacular names
magyar: tunakaktusz

Opuntia tuna is a species of cactus in the genus Opuntia. It is endemic to Hispaniola (in the Dominican Republic), Jamaica and other Caribbean Islands. The first description was in 1753 by Carl Linnaeus as Cactus tuna. Philip Miller described it as Opuntia tuna in 1768. It has one taxonomic synonym.[1]

Roskov Y.; Kunze T.; Orrell T.; Abucay L.; Paglinawan L.; Culham A.; Bailly N.; Kirk P.; Bourgoin T.; Baillargeon G.; Decock W.; De Wever A. (2014). Didžiulis V. (ed.). "Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: 2014 Annual Checklist". Species 2000: Reading, UK. Retrieved 26 May 2014.

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