Fine Art

Orchis punctulata

Orchis punctulata, Kato Drys, Cyprus, Photo:  Augusta Stylianou Artist

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Orchidaceae
Subfamilia: Orchidoideae
Tribus: Orchideae
Subtribus: Orchidinae
Genus: Orchis
Subgenus: Orchis subg. Orchis
Sectio: Orchis sect. Orchis
Species: Orchis punctulata

Orchis punctulata Steven ex Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl.: 273 (1835)

Orchis steveniana Compère ex Lév. in A.N.Demidoff, Voy. Russ. Merid. 2: 168 (1842)
Orchis punctulata var. sepulchralis Rchb.f. in H.G.L.Reichenbach, Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 13-14: 27 (1851)
Orchis sepulchralis (Rchb.f.) Boiss. & Heldr. in P.E.Boissier, Diagn. Pl. Orient. 13: 10 (1854)
Orchis schelkownikowii Woronow, Izv. Kavkazsk. Muz. 4(4): 263 (1909)
Orchis punctulata subsp. sepulchralis (Rchb.f.) Soó, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 24: 28 (1927)
Aceras fragrans Kotschy ex Soó, Bot. Arch. 23: 147 (1928)
Orchis punctulata subsp. schelkownikowii (Woronow) Soó, Ann. Univ. Sci. Budapest. Rolando Eötvös, Sect. Biol. 8: 319 (1966)


Steven, C. v. 1835. The Genera and Species of Orchidaceous Plants 273.
Kretzschmar, H., Eccarius, W. & Dietrich, H. 2007. Die Orchideengattungen Anacamptis, Orchis, Neotinea. EchinoMedia-Verlag, Bürgel. Table of contents. ISBN 978-3937-10711-0. Reference page.
Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.W. & Rasmussen, F.N. (eds.) 2001. Genera Orchidacearum Volume 2: Orchidoideae (Part one); page 333 ff., Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-850710-0
Govaerts, R. et al. 2012. Orchis punctulata in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2012 June 3. Reference page. 2013. Orchis punctulata in The Orders and Families of Monocotyledons. Published online. Accessed: 2013 Aug 28. 2012. Orchis punctulata. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 7 June 2012.
International Plant Names Index. 2012. Orchis punctulata. Published online. Accessed: June 7 2012.

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Asia-Temperate
Regional: Caucasus
North Caucasus, Transcaucasus.
Regional: Western Asia
Cyprus, East Aegean Islands, Iran, Iraq, Lebanon-Syria, Palestine, Turkey.
Continental: Europe
Regional: Eastern Europe
Regional: Southeastern Europe
Bulgaria (doubtful), Greece, Turkey-in-Europe.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Vernacular names

العربية: سحلب منقط
Deutsch: Punktiertes Knabenkraut
English: Small-dotted Orchis
עברית: סחלב נקוד
հայերեն: Խոլորձ կետավոր
русский: Ятрышник мелкоточечный
українська: Зозулинець дрібнокрапчастий

Orchis punctulata, the small-dotted orchis, is a species of orchid. It is native to southeastern Europe (Greece, the part of Turkey in Europe known as East Thrace, and possibly Bulgaria), Crimea in eastern Europe, western Asia (Cyprus, East Aegean Islands, Iran, Iraq, Lebanon, Syria, Palestine, and Turkey), and both the North Caucasus and Transcaucasia.[1]

"'". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 10 February 2016.

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