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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Lamiales

Familia: Lamiaceae
Subfamilia: Nepetoideae
Tribus: Ocimeae
Subtribus: Ociminae
Genus: Orthosiphon
Species: O. adenocaulis – O. allenii – O. argenteus – O. aristatus – O. biflorus – O. bullosus – O. cinereus – O. cladotrichos – O. cuanzae – O. discolor – O. ellipticus – O. exilis – O. ferrugineus – O. fruticosus – O. glandulosus – O. hanningtonii – O. humbertii – O. incurvus – O. lanatus – O. miserabilis – O. newtonii – O. nigripunctatus – O. pallidus – O. parishii – O. parvifolius – O. pseudoaristatus – O. robustus – O. rotundifolius – O. ruber – O. rubicundus – O. sarmentosus – O. scapiger – O. scedastophyllus – O. schimperi – O. schliebenii – O. thymiflorus – O. truncatus – O. vernalis – O. violaceus – O. wattii – O. wulfenioides

Orthosiphon Benth., Edwards's Bot. Reg. 15: t. 1300 (1830)

Type species: Non designatus


Clerodendranthus Kudô, Mem. Fac. Sci. Taihoku Imp. Univ. 2: 117 (1929)


Bentham, G. 1830. Edwards's Botanical Register 15: , pl. 1300.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2014. Orthosiphon in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2014 June 26. Reference page. 2014. Orthosiphon. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2014 June 26.
International Plant Names Index. 2014. Orthosiphon. Published online. Accessed: June 26 2014.

Orthosiphon is a genus of plants in the family Lamiaceae native to Africa, Southern Asia and Queensland, with one species (O. americanus) in Colombia.[2][3] They are herbaceous shrubs which grow to a height of 1.5 m (5 ft). Some Orthosiphon species are popular garden plants because of their flowers, which are white and bluish with filaments resembling a cat's whiskers. In the wild, the plants can be seen growing in forests and along roadsides.

Common names in Southeast Asia are Misai Kucing (Malaysia), Kumis Kucing and Remujung (Indonesia), and Yaa Nuat Maeo (Thailand).

Orthosiphon adenocaulis A.J.Paton & Hedge - Madagascar
Orthosiphon allenii (C.H.Wright) Codd - from Zaire + Tanzania to Zimbabwe
Orthosiphon americanus Harley & A.J.Paton - Colombia
Orthosiphon argenteus A.J.Paton & Hedge - Madagascar
Orthosiphon aristatus aka Orthosiphon stamineus (Blume) Miq. - China, Indian Subcontinent, Southeast Asia, Queensland; naturalized in Fiji
Orthosiphon biflorus A.J.Paton & Hedge - Madagascar
Orthosiphon bullosus Chiov. - Somalia
Orthosiphon cladotrichos Gürke - Tanzania
Orthosiphon cuanzae (I.M.Johnst.) A.J.Paton - Angola
Orthosiphon discolor A.J.Paton & Hedge - Madagascar
Orthosiphon ellipticus A.J.Paton & Hedge - Madagascar
Orthosiphon exilis A.J.Paton & Hedge - Madagascar
Orthosiphon ferrugineus Balf.f. - Socotra
Orthosiphon fruticosus Codd - Northern Province of South Africa
Orthosiphon glandulosus C.E.C.Fisch - Assam, Ranong Province of southern Thailand
Orthosiphon hanningtonii (Baker) A.J.Paton - Kenya, Tanzania
Orthosiphon humbertii Danguy - Madagascar
Orthosiphon incurvus Benth. in N.Wallich - Himalayas from Nepal to Myanmar
Orthosiphon lanatus Doan ex Suddee & A.J.Paton - Vietnam
Orthosiphon miserabilis A.J.Paton & Hedge - Madagascar
Orthosiphon newtonii Briq. - Angola
Orthosiphon nigripunctatus G.Taylor - Angola, Zambia
Orthosiphon pallidus Royle ex Benth. - tropical + eastern Africa, Madagascar, Arabian Peninsula, India, Pakistan
Orthosiphon parishii Prain - Myanmar, Thailand
Orthosiphon parvifolius Vatke - Ethiopia, Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda
Orthosiphon pseudoaristatus Suddee - Thailand
Orthosiphon robustus Hook.f. - Assam
Orthosiphon rotundifolius Doan ex Suddee & A.J.Paton - Thailand, Vietnam
Orthosiphon ruber A.J.Paton & Hedge - Madagascar
Orthosiphon rubicundus (D.Don) Benth. - southern China, Himalayas, Indochina
Orthosiphon rufinervis G.Taylor - Angola, Zambia
Orthosiphon sarmentosus A.J.Paton & Hedge - Madagascar
Orthosiphon scapiger Benth. - Himalayas
Orthosiphon scedastophyllus A.J.Paton - Tanzania, Mozambique
Orthosiphon schimperi Benth. - tropical + southern Africa from Guinea to Somalia south to Transvaal
Orthosiphon schliebenii A.J.Paton - Tanzania
Orthosiphon thymiflorus (Roth) Sleesen - tropical Africa, Madagascar, Saudi Arabia, India, Sri Lanka, Indochina, Java
†Orthosiphon truncatus Doan ex Suddee & A.J.Paton - Vietnam but believed to be extinct
Orthosiphon vernalis Codd - Swaziland
Orthosiphon violaceus Briq - Angola
Orthosiphon wattii Prain - Assam
Orthosiphon wulfenioides (Diels) Hand.-Mazz. - Guangxi, Guizhou, Sichuan, Yunnan


illustration from Joseph Dalton Hooker - Curtis's botanical magazine vol. 96 ser. 3 nr. 26 tabl. 5833 (1870)
Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
Flora of China Vol. 17 Page 298 鸡脚参属 ji jiao shen shu Orthosiphon Bentham, Edward's Bot. Reg. 15: t. 1300. 1830.

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