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Paeonia suffruticosa cv7

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Ordo: Saxifragales

Familia: Paeoniaceae
Genus: Paeonia
Sectio: P. sect. Moutan
Subsectio: P. subsect. Vaginatae
Species: Paeonia ostii

Paeonia ostii T.Hong & J.X.Zhang, Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 12: 223 (1992).

Typus: Fig. 1 in Hong & Zhang 1992: 231 (Neotype designated by Hong 2010: 84).


Paeonia suffruticosa subsp. ostii (T.Hong & J.X.Zhang) J.J.Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat. 4(2): 30 (1997).
Paeonia ostii var. lishizhenii B.A.Shen, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 35(4): 360 (1997).
Typus: China, Anhui, Nanling, Yashan, 200—250 m, roadsides, 18 Apr. 1984, B.A. Shen PB1018 (Holotypus: Wuhu Municipal Drug Bureau, Anhui Prov.; isotypus: PE).
Paeonia ostii subsp. lishizhenii (B.A.Shen) B.A.Shen, Lishizhen Medic. Mater. Med. Res. 12: 330 (2001).
Paeonia suffruticosa subsp. yinpingmudan D.Y.Hong, K.Y.Pan & Zhong W.Xie, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 36(6): 519 (1998).
Typus: China, Anhui: Chaohu, Yinping Shan, on cliff, 28 Apr. 1997, K.Y. Pan & Z.W. Xie 9701 (Holotypus PE).
Paeonia yinpingmudan D.Y.Hong, K.Y.Pan & Zhang W.Xie B.A.Shen, Lishizhen Medic. Mater. Med. Res. 12: 330 (2001).
Paeonia suffruticosa var. yinpingensis B.A.Shen, 中国常用中草药[M].合肥:安徽科学技术出版社 [Anhui Picks Medicine Record] 2: 63–66 (1992), sphalm, nom. inval.

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Asia-Temperate
Regional: China
China Southeast (Anhui, Henan).
Cultivated in Hubei, Shaanxi, Sichuan and other Chinese provinces for medicinal purposes.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Primary references

Hong, T., Zhang, J.X., Li, J.J., Zhao, W.Z. & Li, M.R. 1992. Study on the Chinese wild woody peonies (1): new taxa of Paeonia L. sect. Moutan DC. Bulletin of Botanical Research, Harbin 12(3): 223–234. Abstract Reference page.

Additional references

Hong, D.Y. & Pan, K.Y. 1999. A revision of the Paeonia suffruticosa complex (Paeoniaceae). Nordic Journal of Botany 19(2): 289–299. DOI: 10.1111/j.1756-1051.1999.tb01115.x Paywall Reference page.
Hong, D.Y. 2010. Peonies of the world. Taxonomy and phytogeography. 302 pp., Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. ISBN 978-1-84246-392-5. Reference page.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Paeonia ostii in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Dec 13. Reference page.

Vernacular names
中文: 凤丹

Paeonia ostii is a hardy shrub in the peony family, Paeoniaceae. It can be found in the Gansu, Anhui, Shaanxi and Henan provinces of China. It can reach heights of 1.5 m with grey-brown bark and lance shaped leaflets. Flowers are produced in mid-spring, up to 15 cm across, and pure white without basal blotches. The flowers can sometimes be faintly tinged with pink.

This species is the parent of two medicinal varieties of tree peonies. 'Feng Dan Bai' (Phoenix White) and 'Feng Dan Fen' (Phoenix Pink) are grown for the bark of their roots which is used as an antispasmodic throughout Asia.[2]

The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species, retrieved 7 July 2016
Peonies: The Imperial Flower by Jane Fearnley-Whittingstall ISBN 0-297-82424-4

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