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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Malpighiales

Familia: Pandaceae
Genera: GaleariaMicrodesmisPanda

Pandaceae Engl. & Gilg, Syllabus (ed. 8) 7: 223. (1913), nom. cons.

Type genus: Panda Pierre, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Paris 2: 1255. (1896)


Engler, H.G.A. & Gilg, E.H. 1913. Syllabus der Pflanzenfamilien (ed. 8) &: 223.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Pandaceae in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 June 17. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2020. Pandaceae. Published online. Accessed: June 17 2020.
Stevens, P.F. 2001 onwards. Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 14, July 2017 [and more or less continuously updated since]. Online. Reference page.

Vernacular names
中文: 小盘木科

The family Pandaceae consists of three genera that were formerly recognized in the Euphorbiaceae. Those are:

Galearia (from tribe Galearieae, subfamily Acalyphoideae, family Euphorbiaceae)
Microdesmis (from tribe Galearieae, subfamily Acalyphoideae, family Euphorbiaceae)
Panda (from tribe Galearieae, subfamily Acalyphoideae, family Euphorbiaceae)

These genera contain 17 species,[2] which especially live in West Africa or Southeast Asia.[3]

Species in this family are dioecious trees or shrubs, with alternate, simple leaves.[4]

The genus Centroplacus was formerly included in the Pandaceae and had also been recognized in the tribe Centroplaceae, family Phyllanthaceae). The APG III system recognized this genus as a part of the family Centroplacaceae.[1]

Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009), "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III", Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 161 (2): 105–121, doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x, archived from the original on 2017-05-25, retrieved 2010-12-10
Christenhusz, M. J. M.; Byng, J. W. (2016). "The number of known plants species in the world and its annual increase". Phytotaxa. Magnolia Press. 261 (3): 201–217. doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.261.3.1.
Stephens, P.F. (2001 onwards). Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 9, June 2008.
Wurdack, Kenneth J.; Hoffmann, Petra; Samuel, Rosabelle; Bruijn, Anette; Bank, Michelle; Chase, Mark W. (2004). "Molecular phylogenetic analysis of Phyllanthaceae (Phyllanthoideae pro parte, Euphorbiaceae sensu lato) using plastid RBCL DNA sequences". American Journal of Botany. 91 (11): 1882–1900. doi:10.3732/ajb.91.11.1882. PMID 21652335.

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