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Parodia leninghausii

Parodia leninghausii , Photo: Michael Lahanas

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Ordo: Caryophyllales

Familia: Cactaceae
Subfamilia: Cactoideae
Tribus: Notocacteae
Genus: Parodia
Species: Parodia lenninghausii

Parodia lenninghausii (F.Haage) F.H.Brandt ex Eggli & Hofacker, Novon 20(1): 31. (2010)

Botanist Karl Moritz Schumann named it after Wilhelm Lenninghaus (1845-1918), a native of North Rhine-Westphalia who, in the 1880s, left his hometown of Ennepetal and emigrated to Porto Alegre, Brazil, where he became Guillermo Lenninghaus, and collected cacti for the German grower Haage.

Pilocereus lenninghausii F.Haage, Verzeichniss über Blumenzwiebeln 73: 14. 1896.
Eriocactus lenninghausii (F.Haage) Backeb. ex Schaffnit (1942)
Echinocactus lenninghausii (F.Haage) K.Schum., Monatsschr. Kakteenk. 1900: 134. 1900.
Echinocactus lenninghausii var. cristatus Schelle, Handb. Kakteenkult. 178. 1907.
Eriocephala lenninghausii (F.Haage) Backeb. ex Heinrich, Kakteenkunde 1940: 4. 1940.
Malacocarpus lenninghausii (F.Haage) Britton & Rose, Cactaceae 3: 204. 1922.
Notocactus lenninghausii (F.Haage) A.Berger, Kakteen (Berger) 343. 1929.
Notocactus lenninghausii (F.Haage) Backeb., Kaktus-ABC [Backeb. & Knuth] 256. 1936, comb. superfl.
Parodia lenninghausii (F.Haage) F.H.Brandt, Kakteen Orch. Rundschau 7(4): 61. 1982, comb. inval.
Parodia lenninghausii (F.Haage) F.H.Brandt, Kakteen Orch. Rundschau 7(4): 61. 1982, comb. inval.
Pilocereus lenninghausii F.Haage ex K.Schum., Monatsschr. Kakteenk. 5: 147. 1895, nom. inval.
Eriocactus lenninghausii var. albilanatus Y.Itô, Cactaceae 444. 1981, nom. inval.
Eriocactus lenninghausii f. apelii (Heinrich) Backeb.
Eriocactus lenninghausii var. minor F.Ritter, Kakteen Südamerika 1: 156. 1979.
Eriocephala lenninghausii f. apelii Heinrich, Kakteenkunde 1940: 4. 1940.
Eriocephala lenninghausii subsp. minor (F.Ritter) Guiggi, Cactology 3: 6. 2012.
Notocactus lenninghausii f. apelii (Heinrich) Krainz, Kakteen 38: C VIc. 1968.
Notocactus lenninghausii f. cristatus P.V.Heath, Calyx 5(2): 63. 1995.
Notocactus lenninghausii var. minor (F.Ritter) S.Theun., Succulenta (Netherlands) 60: 142. 1981, comb. inval.
Notocactus lenninghausii f. minor (F.Ritter) S.Theun. ex Havlíček, Kakt. Vilag 18(4): 78. 1988 publ. 1989.
Parodia lenninghausii var. minor (F.Ritter) F.Brandt, Gattung Parodia 231. 1989.

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Southern America
Regional: Brazil
Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul).

Parodia leninghausii

Parodia leninghausii , Photo: Michael Lahanas

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Primary references

Brandt, F.H. 2010. Novon 20: 31.

Additional references

Korotkova, N., Aquino, D., Arias, S., Eggli, U., Franck, A. , Gómez-Hinostrosa, C., Guerrero, P.C., Hernández, H.M., Kohlbecker, A., Köhler, M., Luther, K., Majure, L.C., Müller, A., Metzing, D., Nyffeler, R., Sánchez, D., Schlumpberger, B. & Berendsohn, W.G. 2021. Cactaceae at Caryophyllales. org–a dynamic online species-level taxonomic backbone for the family. Willdenowia 51(2): 251–270. DOI: 10.3372/wi.51.51208 Open access Reference page.
Eggli, U. & Hofacker, A. 2010. Validation of the Name Parodia lenninghausii (Cactaceae), with a Note on the Lectotypification and Orthography of the Name Novon; a Journal for Botanical Nomenclature 20(1): 31. DOI: 10.3417/2008076
Anceschi, G. & Magli, A. 2018. A synopsis of the genus Parodia Spegazzini s.l. (Cactaceae). Bradleya 36: 70–162. DOI: 10.25223/brad.n36.2018.a9 Paywall PDF Reference page.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Parodia lenninghausii in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2021 Nov. 6. Reference page.
Korotkova, N. et al. 2021. Parodia lenninghausii in Cactaceae at A global synthesis of species diversity in the angiosperm order Caryophyllales. Published online. Accessed: 2021 Nov. 6. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2021. Parodia lenninghausii. Published online. Accessed: Nov. 6 2021.
IUCN: Parodia leninghausii (F.Haage) F.H.Brandt (Endangered)

Vernacular names
مصرى: لنگنہاؤزی
English: Lemon Ball, Golden Ball, Yellow Tower cactus
русский: Пародия Ленингхауза
Tiếng Việt: Xương rồng kim huỳnh hoàn
中文: 黄翁

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