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Paronychia argentea

Paronychia argentea, Germasogeia (Yermasoyia), Cyprus, Photo:  Augusta Stylianou Artist

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Ordo: Caryophyllales

Familia: Caryophyllaceae
Tribus: Paronychieae
Genus: Paronychia
Species: Paronychia argentea

Paronychia argentea Lam., Fl. franç. 3:230 (1779) ("1778")

Chaetonychia paronychia Sampaio
Ferriera mediterranea Bub.
Illecebrum argenteum Pourr.
Illecebrum italicum Vill.
Illecebrum mauritanicum Willd. ex Schult.
Illecebrum narbonnense Vill.
Illecebrum paronychia L.
Paronychia argentea var. angustifolia Chaudhri
Paronychia argentea subvar aristulata Chaudhri
Paronychia argentea var. mauritanica (Willd. ex Schult.) DC.
Paronychia argentea var. rotundata (DC.) Chaudhri
Paronychia argentea var. scabra Sauvage
Paronychia argentea var. scariosissima Post
Paronychia argentea var. suffruticosa Maire & Wilczek
Paronychia argentea var. velutina Ball
Paronychia glomerata Moench
Paronychia hispanica DC.
Paronychia hispanica var. rotundata DC.
Paronychia italica Roem. & Schult.
Paronychia mauritanica (Brouss. ex Roem. & Schult.) Rothmaler & P. Silva
Paronychia nitida Gaertn.
Paronychia polygonifolia var. elegantior Maire
Plottzia paronychia (L.) Samp.


Paronychia argentea Schur = Paronychia capitata subsp. capitata

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Europe
Regional: Southwestern Europe
Baleares, Corsica, Crete, France, Greece (Kiklades), Spain, Italy, Portugal, Sardinia, Sicily, Malta, Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus), East Aegaean Isl., Rhodos
Continental: Africa
Regional: Northern Africa
Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, Egypt (NE-Egypt, NW-coastal Egypt, SE-Egypt)
Regional: Macaronesia
Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria, Hierro)
Continental: Asia-Temperate
Regional: Western Asia
Azerbaijan (Nachichevan), Turkey (S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia), Iraq (S-Iraq, W-Iraq: Desert), Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert, Judean Desert, Negev Desert), Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania), Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon), Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai), Syria (coastal W-Syria, C-Syrian Desert, NW-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains)
Regional: Arabian Peninsula
Kuwait, Saudi Arabia (C-Saudi Arabia, Hejaz, Asir), United Arab Emirates

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Primary references

Lamarck, J.-B. 1779 "1778". Flore Française, ou descriptions succincte de toutes les plantes qui croissent naturellement en France. Tome 3. Paris: Imprimerie Royale. BHL Reference page. : 230


Hassler, M. 2019. Paronychia argentea. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2019. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: 2019 Sep 21. Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2019. Paronychia argentea in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2019 Sep 21. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Paronychia argentea. Published online. Accessed: Sep 21 2019. 2019. Paronychia argentea. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 21 Sep 2019.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Paronychia argentea in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 09-Oct-10.

Vernacular names
Deutsch: Silber-Mauermiere
English: silvery paronychia
español: Sanguinaria, nevadilla de plata
suomi: Hopeavuohenpolvi

Paronychia argentea is an herbaceous plant from the family Caryophyllaceae that grows in sandy areas, ways, abandoned fields and dry terrains.
Sight of the plant in its habitat


It is an annual species with procumbent habits, which reaches 30 cm height. Similar to Paronychia capitata but with almost all glabrous leaves, a rigid and prominent sow, and calyx lobules with transparent margins.[1]

The stem is glabrous or pubescent, with opposite, elliptical and mucronate leaves.

The flowers grow in lateral and terminal glomerulus. They are hermaphrodite, pentamerous and actinomorphic, accompanied with scaly silver bracts bigger that themselves. The fruit is an achene.
Habitat and distribution

They can be encountered all around the Mediterranean Sea. It grows in abandoned or dry terrains, dunes and ditches, and flourishes from winter to summer.

It is used stewed, as a diuretic and blood purifier, and as a plaster to cure wounds.[2]

Paronychia argentea was described by Jean-Baptiste Lamarck and published in Flore Françoise [es] 3: 230. 1778[1779].[3]


Paronychia argentea (Fam. Caryophyllaceae) infraspecific number of chromosomes and taxa: 2n=28[4]


Paronychia nitida Gaertn. 1791
Paronychia mauritanica (Schult.) Rothm. & Q.J.P.Silva 1939
Paronychia italica (Vill.) Schult. in Roem. & Schult. 1819
Paronychia cuatrecasii Sennen 1929
Paronychia carpetana Pau 1895
Illecebrum mauritanicum Schult. in Roem. & Schult. 1819
Illecebrum maritimum Vill. 1801
Paronychia pubescens DC. in Lam. & DC. 1805
Paronychia glomerata Moench 1794
Chaetonychia paronychia (L.) Samp.[5]
Ferriera mediterranea Bubani
Illecebrum argenteum Pourr.
Illecebrum italicum Vill.
Illecebrum narbonnense Vill.
Illecebrum paronychia L.
Plottzia paronychia (L.) Samp.[6]


Blamey, Marjorie; Grey-Wilson Christopher (2008). {{cite book}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
García Muñoz, B. (2004). {{cite book}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
"Paronychia argentea".
Estudio citotaxonómico de la flora de las costas gallegas Lago Canzobre, E. & S. Castroviejo (1993) Cadernos Área Ci. Biol. 3: 1-215
"Sinónimos en Tele Botánica". Archived from the original on 2012-06-28. Retrieved 2016-01-14.
Paronychia argentea en PlantList

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