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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Ordo: Vitales

Familia: Vitaceae
Subfamilia: Vitoideae
Tribus: Parthenocisseae
Genus: Parthenocissus
Species: P. dalzielii – P. feddei – P. henryana – P. heptaphylla – P. inserta – P. laetevirens – P. quinquefolia – P. renukae – P. semicordata – P. sichuanensis – P. suberosa – P. tricuspidata – P. vicaryana – P. vitacea

Parthenocissus Planch. Monogr. Phan. 5(2): 447–453. (1887)

Type species: Parthenocissus quinquefolia (L.) Planch. Monogr. Phan. 5(2): 448. (1887)


Planchon, J.E. 1887. Monographiae Phanerogamarum 5(2): 447–453.
Fralish, James S.; Franklin, Scott B. 2002. Taxonomy and Ecology of Woody Plants in North American Forests. John Wiley and Sons. p. 167. ISBN 0471161586. [1].
Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Parthenocissus in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2020 Oct. 8. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2020. Parthenocissus. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2020. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: 2020 May 28. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2020. Parthenocissus. Published online. Accessed: June 21 2020.
Pringle, J.S. 2010. Nomenclature of the Thicket Creeper, Parthenocissus inserta (Vitaceae). The Michigan Botanist 49(3): 73-78. [2] PDF 2014. Parthenocissus. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 3 Feb. 2014.

Vernacular names
беларуская: Дзявочы вінаград
català: Vinya verge
Deutsch: Jungfernreben
suomi: Villiviinit
magyar: Vadszőlő
polski: Winobluszcz

Parthenocissus /ˌpɑːrθɪnoʊˈsɪsəs/,[1] is a genus of tendril[2] climbing plants in the grape family, Vitaceae. It contains about 12 species native to the Himalayas, eastern Asia and North America.[3] Several are grown for ornamental use, notably P. henryana, P. quinquefolia and P. tricuspidata.[2]


The name derives from the Greek parthenos, "virgin", and kissos (Latinized as "cissus"), "ivy". The reason is variously given as the ability of these creepers to form seeds without pollination[4] or the English name of P. quinquefolia, Virginia creeper, which has become attached to the whole genus.[5]
Fossil record

Among the middle Miocene Sarmatian palynoflora from the Lavanttal Basin Austrian researchers have recognized Parthenocissus fossil pollen. The sediment containing the Parthenocissus fossil pollen had accumulated in a lowland wetland environment with various vegetation units of mixed evergreen/deciduous broadleaved/conifer forests surrounding the wetland basin. Key relatives of the fossil taxa found with Parthenocissus are presently confined to humid warm temperate environments, suggesting a subtropical climate during the middle Miocene in Austria.[6]
Food plants

Parthenocissus species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including the brown-tail and Gothic.
From Asia

Three leaved
Parthenocissus chinensis, this species grows in dry areas between 1300 and 2300 m in China in the west of both Sichuan and Yunnan.
Parthenocissus heterophylla, from China and Taiwan
Parthenocissus semicordata, from the Himalayas
Parthenocissus feddei, this species grows in rocky places between elevations of 600 and 1100 m in the Chinese provinces of Guangdong, Guizhou, Hubei and Hunan
Five leaved
Parthenocissus henryana, Chinese Virginia creeper from China
Parthenocissus laetevirens
One or three leaved
Parthenocissus dalzielii, from east and south-east Asia
Parthenocissus suberosa
Parthenocissus tricuspidata, Japanese creeper or Boston ivy, from eastern Asia

From North America

Seven or five-leaved
Parthenocissus heptaphylla, sevenleaf creeper, from Texas and Mexico
Parthenocissus vitacea, thicket creeper, woodbine, or grape woodbine, from western and northern North America
Parthenocissus quinquefolia, Virginia creeper, from eastern North America


Sunset Western Garden Book, 1995:606–607
RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 978-1405332965.
Ze-Long Nie a.o., "Molecular phylogeny and biogeographic diversification of Parthenocissus (Vitaceae) disjunct between Asia and North America", in: American Journal of Botany 97: p. 1342 (2010)
Fralish, James S.; Franklin, Scott B. (2002). Taxonomy and Ecology of Woody Plants in North American Forests. John Wiley and Sons. p. 167. ISBN 0-471-16158-6. Retrieved 2008-03-09.
Coombes, Allen J. (2012). The A to Z of plant names. USA: Timber Press. pp. 312. ISBN 9781604691962.
Combined LM and SEM study of the middle Miocene (Sarmatian) palynoflora from the Lavanttal Basin, Austria: part III. Magnoliophyta 1 – Magnoliales to Fabales, Friðgeir Grímsson, Barbara Meller, Johannes M. Bouchal & Reinhard Zetter, Grana 2015, Vol 54, No. 2, 85-128.

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