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Passiflora vitifolia

Passiflora vitifolia (*)

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Malpighiales

Familia: Passifloraceae
Genus: Passiflora
Subgenus: P. subg. Passiflora
Supersectio: P. supersect. Coccineae
Species: Passiflora vitifolia

Passiflora vitifolia Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. (quarto ed.) 2: 138 1817.

Macrophora sanguinea (Sm.) Raf., Fl. Tellur. iv. 103. 1836.
Passiflora buchananii (Lem.) Triana & Planch., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot. sér. 5, 17: 144. 1873
Passiflora punicea Ruiz & Pav. ex DC., Prodr. vol. 3, 329. 1828.
Passiflora sanguinea Sm., in A. Rees, Cyclop. vol. 26, no. 45. 1819.
Passiflora serrulata var. pubescens Griseb., Bonplandia 6(1): 7. 1858.
Passiflora servitensis H. Karst., Linnaea vol. 30, 163. 1859.
Passiflora servitensis var. bracteosa H. Karst., Fl. Columb. 1: 103, t. 51. 1859.
Passiflora vitifolia var. bracteosa (H. Karst.) Killip, Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. 19: 322. 1938.
Passiflora vitifolia var. cassiquiarensis M. Roem., Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 2: 181 1846.
Tacsonia buchananii Lem., Ill. Hort. 14. t. 519. 1867.
Tacsonia sanguinea (Sm.) DC., Prodr. (DC.) 3: 334. 1828.

References Missouri Botanical Garden. 16 Feb 2009 [1].

Vernacular names
svenska: Kardinalpassionsblomma

Passiflora vitifolia, the perfumed passionflower,[1] is a species of Passiflora, native to southern Central America (Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Panama) and northwestern South America (Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru).

It is a vine with cylindric stems covered in red-brown hairs when young. The leaves are serrate, three-lobed, up to 15 cm long and 18 cm broad. The lobed leaves' resemblance to grape leaves gives this passionflower its specific epithet, "vitifolia," meaning "grape leaves" after the Latin for grape "vitis." The flowers are bright red, up to 9 cm diameter. The fruit is a berry 5 cm long and 3 cm broad, with green flesh speckled with white, slight downy hairs, containing numerous seeds.[2][3][4] The fruit is quite sour when it falls off the plant and can take a month to ripen to its full flavor of sour strawberries.[4] Due to the fragrant fruit, it is in small-scale cultivation in the Caribbean.[4]


USDA, NRCS (n.d.). "Passiflora vitifolia". The PLANTS Database ( Greensboro, North Carolina: National Plant Data Team. Retrieved 15 September 2015.
"Passiflora vitifolia". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 18 December 2017.
Anthony Julian Huxley; Mark Griffiths (1992-04-01). Dictionary of Gardening. ISBN 978-0-333-47494-5.
Ulmer, Torsten and John Mochrie MacDougal, eds. (2004). "Passiflora: passionflowers of the world". Timber Press.

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